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Trees & Shrubs

Acer pectinatum (new)

Hailing from the highest peak in Indochina, this was collected originally as A. campbellii var. fansipanense. Whatever, it is very handsome in leaf with broad 3 to 5 lobed leaves on red petioles, turning to shades of orange and gold in autumn. Best sited in a sheltered position like open woodland where it will be hardy throughout most of the UK.

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Acer pentaphyllum (new)

One of the most attractive of all maples yet critically endangered in its wild home, where there is just one small population left in W. Sichuan, China. The extremely beautiful leaves, on long slender scarlet petioles, are uniquely fully divided to the base with five very slim, linear-lanceolate segments, green above and pale glaucous beneath. Can take at least -10c.

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Acer sikkimense NJM 10.134 (new)

A collection of this very colourful maple from the temperate forests of the far north of Vietnam at 2040m asl. Most handsome when in new growth with the ovate, unlobed leaves emerging a glistening dark purple-red, expanding to green above and rich red below. Best suited to milder parts of the British Isles. Makes a small to medium tree.

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Acer sterculiaceum subsp. sterculiaceum NJM 13.087 (new)

A collection from Nagaland, with large leaves flushed red when emerging and predominantly five lobed. Racemes of large yellow-green flowers in spring followed by drooping clusters of substantial fruits on females. Males have attractive red flowers. A fairly big tree eventually, happiest in a reasonably wind sheltered position.

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Acer wardii (new)

Found at 3110m asl in NE Kachin, Burma, this extremely rare maple is virtually never offered for sale. A small elegant tree with relatively small three lobed leaves, each lobe ending in a drawn out tip. Autumn colour is bright red in full sun, orange to yellow if shaded. This should be hardy in most places most of the time, but better in mild areas come Armageddon.

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Aesculus pavia 'Purple Spring' (new)

This form of the US native Red Buckeye starts its season with attractive, long lasting bronze-purple flushed foliage before the upright panicles of peachy-pink flowers are seen in early summer. Slow growing, making a large shrub to about 2m eventually. Best in a sunny spot for optimal flowering. Very hardy

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Alnus subcordata NJM 13.009 (new)

Hailing from the Caucasus and the Hyrcanian forests bordering the Caspian Sea, where we found this growing with Pterocarya fraxinifolia, Parrotia persica, Quercus castaneifolia etc. A very vigorous species making tall characterful specimens in time, with splendid trunks. Broad foliage up to 15cm long. The male catkins are seen very early in the season.

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Aralia aff. foliolosa NJM 13.061 (new)

Found in the botanically rich Eastern Hills of Manipur, NE India, at 1850m asl, this made a typically spiny specimen with huge bipinnate foliage and heads of black fruit. Expect a specimen up to perhaps 3m tall. Hardiness as yet untested, though undoubtedly hardy in the milder regions of the UK at least.

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Aralia sp. NJM 13.033 (new)

Found in the botanically rich Eastern Hills of Manipur, NE India, at 1822m asl, this made a typically spiny specimen to circa 8m tall, with huge bipinnate foliage and heads of black fruit. Expect a smaller specimen here. Hardiness as yet untested, though undoubtedly hardy in the milder regions of the UK at least.

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Aronia x prunifolia 'Nero' (new)

Purple Chokeberry. A large fruited form of this very hardy N American deciduous shrub, reaching 2m tall. Grown equally for its bunches of purple-black fruit in autumn, which contain very high levels of antioxidants, and the arresting scarlet and burgundy autumn leaf colour. Fruit are tart when raw but superb cooked or used in jams etc. Not for shallow chalk.

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Aronia x prunifolia 'Viking' (new)

Purple Chokeberry. A vigorous form of this very hardy N American deciduous shrub, reaching 2m tall. Grown equally for its bunches of purple-black fruit in autumn, which contain very high levels of antioxidants, and the arresting scarlet and burgundy autumn leaf colour. Fruit are tart when raw but superb cooked or used in jams etc. Not for shallow chalk soils.

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Ballota pseudodictamnus Compact form B&M 8119 (new)

A Chris Brickell collection from Crete, this forms a smaller plant than usual, making a mound of small woolly grey foliage with soft purple flowers in summer, followed by persistent grey green sepals. One of the best small sub-shrubs for grey foliage effect. A hardy plant for sun and well drained soil.

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Berberis hypokerina (new)

An exceptional species, discovered by Kingdon Ward in Upper Burma. This forms a small evergreen shrub to about 1m high usually, with striking holly-like leaves up to 15 x 6cm, green above and silvery-white beneath on a thicket of spineless purple stems. Masses of yellow flowers in spring, followed by dark-blue, white bloomed berries. Rarely obtainable.

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Berberis triacanthophora 'Cally Rose' (new)

An excellent new introduction and unique in having clusters of pink flowers with cream inner petals, borne in summer. The rich green foliage is very fine and narrow and a joy in itself. Makes an evergreen, spiny, free flowering shrub to 1.8m, for sun or shade. Purchased in Japan, but originally collected in China. Incorrectly sold as B. panlanensis 'Cally Rose'.

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Betula cylindrostachya (new)

A rare Himalayan birch making a vigorous small tree with large, glossy foliage on stout shoots covered in soft yellow hairs, the bark shiny greyish-black. The catkins in spring are long and showy, up to 14cm. For a sheltered position in milder areas where it makes a fast growing reliable tree. Fine specimens can be seen in both Cornwall and on the Wirral.

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Betula luminifera (new)

Rarely sold or grown, this is a common tree in some parts of W. China. Very attractive very long male catkins in April and shining, dark, reddish-brown, cherry-like bark with conspicuous horizontal lenticels. Large deep green leaves persist until late autumn. Perfectly hardy even though very early to start into growth. A success in Holland and Belgium for eg.

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Betula utilis 'Bhutan Sienna' (new)

A sister to 'Dark Ness' with lustrous dark-red peeling bark with a brown tint, showing prominent white lenticel flecking, offering a rather Prunus serrula-like look. Originally collected in Bhutan in 1984. Fabulous after or during rain when the trunk colour glows.

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Betula utilis 'Chris Lane' (new)

A very richly coloured new form from wild Chinese seed. The bark is a complex mix of very fine features, with a base layer of dark purplish-red-brown, heavily banded with white lenticels. The whole is washed hither and thither with a misty cloud of whitish betulin and the papery peelings are semi-translucent burnt-orange. Praise be!

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Betula utilis var. jacquemontii 'Silver Shadow' (new)

Often regarded as the best white bark, but in reality no better than any of the other excellent forms of jacquemontii and in fact very close or even identical to 'Inverleith'. Foliage is large deep green and glossy. Typically a fast growing medium sized tree for most soils in good light. Easy and hardy. Most spectacular as a group of three or more.

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Buddleja sterniana (new)

Now part of the highly variable B. crispa, I retain the name here as it is a distinct entity with ornamental features. A rounded bushy deciduous shrub up to 3m tall with young shoots, leaf undersides and flower stalks covered with dense white woolly hair. The leaf upper surface is at first covered in golden-brown wool. Fragrant pale lavender flowers in spring.

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Callicarpa psilocalyx NJM 13.057 (new)

A recent collection from Manipur, NE India, where this softly hairy large shrub to about 3m high was showing it's pearly, intense true-purple, relatively small fruit in dense clusters from every leaf axil along the arching stems. Leaves are held in opposite pairs and are comparatively large. This will probably require a fairly warm position away from winter extremes.

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Calycanthus 'Venus' (new)

From creamy-yellow buds open large, Magnolia-like, fruity-scented, multi-tepalled flowers up to 11.5cm across, white with yellow and purple centres, opening from spring to mid-summer. A hybrid Allspice with complex parentage, raised in the USA. Forming a large deciduous shrub, 3x3m eventually, for any reasonable soil in sun or semi-shade.

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Calycanthus floridus 'Michael Lindsey' (new)

Selected for it's truly deliciously fruity fragrance, this Carolina Allspice forms a dense, bushy, medium sized deciduous shrub with a multitude of small deep-maroon flowers borne over a long period in summer over glossy, rich-green, aromatic leaves. For any reasonable soil in sun or semi-shade, apparently even tolerant of rather wet soils.

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Carpinus fargesiana (new)

Particularly rare in cultivation with merely a handful of young trees in specialist collections, this Chinese and Vietnamese hornbeam is particularly elegant, with pointed mid green leaves on a small to medium sized tree with weeping branchlets. Hardy. This collection from Shanghai Botanic Garden seed.

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Carpinus fargesiana KR 8780 (new)

Particularly rare in cultivation with merely a handful of young trees in specialist collections, this Chinese and Vietnamese hornbeam is particularly elegant, with pointed mid green leaves on a small to medium sized tree with weeping branchlets. Hardy, even through the cold of 2010 etc.. This collection from Ha Giang Province, N. Vietnam.

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Castanea seguinii (new)

A naturally relatively small growing Sweet Chestnut from China with long coarsely serrated handsome foliage. Rarely seen in cultivation, though reaching 18m tall at Borde Hill in Sussex after 80 years. Used for chestnut production in China. Very hardy.

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Cedrus deodara 'Robusta' (new)

An unusual form of the Himalayan Cedar with exceptionally long stout needles, up to 8cm long, forming a wide spreading medium sized tree with drooping branches. Hardy and easy.

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Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Imbricata Pendula' (new)

Anyone with an aversion to the average Lawson Cypress can think again; this is a most unusual and highly ornamental form raised in NZ as long ago as 1930, but rarely seen here as yet. This forms only a small tree with a conical habit, but with highly pendulous whip-like, pendulous branches. Good enough for an RHS Award of Garden Merit.

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Cladrastis kentukea (new)

The Yellowwood from the SE USA forms a very attractive tree here, with unusual alternately pinnate, bold foliage, turning to an excellent clear yellow in autumn. The long drooping panicles of white pea flowers in June remind one of Wisteria. Easy in most places, enjoying sun.

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Clethra barbinervis 'Great Star' (new)

A selected form of this desirable hardy medium to large shrub from Japan and S Korea, flowering at a younger age, with attractive exfoliating grey and pink-brown bark recalling a crape myrtle, Lagerstroemia. Long racemes of deliciously scented white flowers are seen in July/August, followed by red and yellow autumn colour. Requires lime free soil.

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Clethra delavayi (new)

A variable species, now including many closely related entities, but always very handsome. A large shrub with long, broad, horizontally held, many flowered racemes of highly scented pure white flowers in late summer. Seen at its best with at least some shelter. Usually perfectly hardy in most parts of the UK. For lime free soil

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Cleyera japonica var. wallichiana (new)

Rarely seen, the Western form of this hardy evergreen, densely leafy shrub forms a more upright plant, to about 3m or more. Leatherier, thicker textured, glossy, rich-green foliage often red tinted over winter. Masses of fairly inconspicuous but wonderfully scented, small, translucent cream flowers in summer. Not for shallow chalk soils.

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Cornus excelsa F&M 57 (new)

From 2250m in the foothills of the mighty Pico de Orizaba, Mexico's highest peak, this was a tree to 10m laden with light blue fruits in November when we happened to be passing by. Clusters of white flowers in summer. A success in the few gardens in the British Isles that have tried it. Will probably make a large shrub here.

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Cornus hongkongensis CMBS 2004.0757 (new)

An evergreen flowering dogwood species from China, where it has a wide distribution. This collection from Yunnan. Glossy dark green foliage flushes with a bronze tint and creamy-white C. kousa-like flowers are seen en-masse in July. Enjoys warmth and moisture in summer and some shelter in winter. Very successful at The Hillier Gardens, Hampshire.

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Cornus kousa 'Beni Fuji' (new)

This has among the deepest red-pink bracts of any form on the market and is a naturally shrubby grower. Bracts are narrowly pointed, deep red-pink and produced en-masse. Foliage is dark glossy green with red petioles and midribs, turning rich purple-red in autumn. A success in most reasonable soils, it will reach 2 to 3m eventually. found on Mt Fuji, in 1970.

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Daphne bholua 'Limpsfield' (new)

A recent selection of this fine evergreen medium sized shrub from the Himalaya. A particularly floriferous form, the heavenly scented flowers are seen in the depths of winter, usually in Feb, and are rich purple-pink in bud with some of that colour bleeding into the white open faces. Reasonably well drained soil in sun or semi shade, with some shelter.

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Daphne bholua NJM 13.115 (new)

A collection from the slopes of Japfü Peak, Nagaland, NE India at 2570m asl. This form has pure white flowers and evergreen foliage.

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Daphne odora f. alba 'Sakiwaka' (new)

This is the pure white flowered, plain green leaved form, without all the variegation (never a bad thing). A tasteful subtle beauty with the same utterly supreme scent as ever in March. A small rounded evergreen shrub for sun or semi-shade and any well drained soil.

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Dasyphyllum diacanthoides (new)

An evergreen tree in the family Compositae bearing heads of most attractive creamy-white, rather atypical daisies. From the cool temperate rainforests of Southern Chile where it is endemic, growing with such lovely trees as Nothofagus dombeyi and Drimys winteri and also drier areas This survived the hellish cold of Dec 2010 at Ness BG.

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Desmodium elegans Dark form (new)

A small to medium sized Chinese shrub with attractive trifoliate leaves, composed of fairly broad, pale green leaflets, and large panicles of intense purplish-pink pea flowers in summer, followed by flattened seed pods. Well drained soil and sun.

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Deutzia setchuenensis var. corymbiflora 'Kiftsgate' (new)

An exceptional new form, named here. A deciduous medium sized, comparatively slow growing shrub to 2m. Innumerable clusters of white, star-like flowers during July/Aug over sea green, rough to the touch foliage. Even pretty in bud when the plant is speckled with tiny white dots. The finest form of this species with larger flowers, creating a superb effect.

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Dichroa aff. hirsuta NJM 10.051 (new)

I found this in N. Vietnam on the very little visited mountain Tay Con Linh at 1850m, where it formed an upright semi-evergreen shrub to about 2m tall. The foliage is particularly narrow and the terminal clusters of white flowers in late summer are followed by striking cobalt-blue berries. Hardiness unknown, but best not too cold.

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Dichroa cyanea NJM 13.104 (new)

A collection of this Himalayan species from 2400m in Nagaland, NE India. A close Hydrangea relative, but with vivid cobalt blue berries, following the either blue or pink dense heads of flower, the colour depending on soil acidity, seen autumn into winter if mild. A semi-deciduous shrub for mild gardens or very sheltered corners.

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Dichroa sp. from Guizhou, China (new)

An unusual species found in on Leigongshan, Guizhou, 1800m, in 2011; the foliage is thick textured like no other species I know, with impressed veins on the upper surface and a pale underside. White flower buds open to blue flowers (on acid soils) in late summer, followed by purple berries. An evergreen Hydrangea relative, probably best suited to milder areas.

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Diospyros lotus PAB 10032 (new)

A collection of the 'Date plum' from the Hyrcanian forests bordering the Caspian Sea in Southern Azerbaijan. Related to both Ebony and Kaki (Sharon fruit), this perfectly hardy small tree makes a good specimen with dark polished foliage. Female trees carry an abundance of warm-yellow edible fruits in autumn if pollinated by a male.

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Elaeagnus umbellatus 'Sweet 'n' Tart' (new)

A vigorous, hardy, sweet smelling deciduous large shrub when the masses of fragrant white flowers are borne in May and June. These are followed by splendidly tasty small red fruit en masse in autumn, which look very fine combined with the leaves; soft green above and silvery beneath.

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Eleutherococcus aff. leucorrhizus PAB 8119 (new)

A semi-scandent shrub to about 2m or more, with compound palmate foliage in the style of Schefflera etc. and white flowers in terminal orbicular umbels in late summer/autumn in the style of Hedera and indeed being followed by large dense orbicular clusters of fat black berries. The stems are clad in well spaced prickles. Found at 1800m on Fanjingshan, Guizhou, China.

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Eleutherococcus sp. (new)

Found on Shirui Peak, E. Manipur, N.E. India this unidentified species is not lax in growth as some are, nor particularly well armed, forming medium sized shrubs with trifoliate foliage and rounded clusters of white flower in summer, followed by black berries. Hardiness untested as yet.

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Escallonia bifida (new)

One of the finest shrubs for late summer and autumn flower, this makes a dense large shrub with glossy dark-green foliage. Large panicles of pure white flowers cover the foliage late in the season. Requires the shelter of a wall away from mild areas.

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Euonymus aff. myrianthus Slim leaf NJM 11.016 (new)

Found in Guizhou at about 2000m asl, this was a large evergreen shrub to about 3m high with very attractive slim, lanceolate, leathery foliage. Vivid-yellow fruits open to show orange-scarlet seeds. This should be perfectly hardy, especially with some shelter.

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Euonymus sp. from Burma (new)

A species from NW Kachin, Burma, making a medium sized evergreen shrub to about 2m, with fairly large oblong-elliptic foliage and pale pink fruit with four very conspicuous and rather long horns, like E. cornutus, opening to show orange seeds. Hardiness untested.

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Euonymus sp. from China (new)

This particularly handsome species was obtained from the famous Japanese nursery of Mr Yamaguchi. It was originally collected in China, but is yet to be identified. An evergreen species with slim, fairly small foliage and a mass of dark-red flowers in spring, followed by distinctively shaped light pink capsules opening to show orange seeds. Apparently a small shrub.

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Euphorbia stygiana subsp. santamariae (new)

An extremely endangered and very recently introduced rarity that is limited to about 50 individuals in the wild on one Azorean island. Rather different from the straight species, this wants to be a small tree, as it is in the wild, with strong apical dominance and very vigorous growth. Foliage is quite different too, less leathery with a faint bluish bloom.

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Fagus aff. longipetiolata (new)

From Huaping, Guangxi, China, this appears to be this species. One of the finest and most attractive of all beech due to its ovate, fairly taper pointed foliage, though very rarely encountered in cultivation, forming only a medium sized tree in the UK. The leaves turn to very similar shades of russet and gold in autumn. The bark is a classic smooth cold grey.

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Fagus grandifolia subsp. mexicana (new)

Extremely rare in cultivation, yet fully hardy, these plants of the Mexican Beech are propagated from a tree growing in Holland. Not only rare in cultivation, this is very rare in the wild state also, with only ten small populations known in the mountains of E Mexico. A large tree in the wild, the leathery leaves are attractive with a dentate margin and drawn out tip.

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Fagus longipetiolata NJM 11.036 (new)

Virtually unknown in Western cultivation, this Chinese species is one of the most attractive beeches judging by plants I've seen in Guizhou, with ovate fairly taper-pointed leaves in comparison to our native. The leaves turn to very similar shades of russet and gold in autumn. The bark is a similar smooth cold grey. Expect a smaller, medium sized tree here.

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Fatsia polycarpa Needham form (new)

A superb relatively recent introduction and a vast improvement on F. japonica, with very deeply lobed and dissected, matt, slightly greyish green foliage. The white flowers that come in winter are similar, but open from milk-chocolate brown felt covered inflorescence stalks. A very handsome and striking, medium sized, hardy evergreen foliage plant.

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Fuchsia regia subsp. serrae (new)

A very unusual and newly available Fuchsia from the highlands of temperate SE Brazil. Splendid silvered foliage with red veins and petioles is rather different and attractive. The flowers are rather classic in being red-pink with purple innards. This is a potentially large plant that can climb up through other shrubs in a scandent way. Root hardy to below minus 10c.

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Gaultheria aff. dumicola NJM 10.032 (new)

A collection from Far N. Vietnam making a large shrub to small tree in the dense humid forest, no doubt a bit smaller here, with thickly leathery broad evergreen leaves, rich maroon on emergence. Racemes of small urn shaped white flowers in late spring/early summer. For lime free humus rich soil and some shade.

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Ginkgo biloba 'Fairmount' (new)

Selected in Philadelphia for its narrow upright columnar form, this slowly makes a medium to large tree with splendid golden yellow autumn colour. A male clone, this doesn't drop smelly fruit. For almost any soil or site, Ginkgos are very tough - they've had to be to survive the last 300 million years!

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Ginkgo biloba 'Tubifolia' (new)

A fairly dwarf form for many years, with the most unusual and ornamental foliage when young; the edges being rolled inward; imagine an ice-cream cornet without the ice-cream. As the tree gets older leaves become flatter and more laciniate (dissected) than the norm. Very good golden yellow autumn colour. Reaches only about 6m after many decades.

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Gleditsia caspia NJM 13.019 (new)

This collection from Azerbaijan is one of the most spectacularly and formidably armed of hardy trees, the trunk of older trees being covered in branched woody spines up to 15cm long or more. A small hardy tree for any well drained soil with highly attractive bipinnate foliage. The insignificant flowers are followed by 20cm long pods which turn dark brown.

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Grevillea victoriae 'Murray Valley Queen' (new)

A form selected for slightly larger flowers, more prolifically set. Comparatively large pink-red flowers emerge from rusty buds and hang in drooping racemes in summer or winter over a canopy of 10cm long silvery-green lanceolate leaves. A medium sized evergreen shrub for well drained lime free soil. Proven hardy, even in the West Midlands!

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Hamamelis x intermedia 'Andre' (new)

A new clone, named by the National Collection holder Chris Lane for the Dutchman that raised it. The broad petalled flowers are clear sulphur yellow and usually appear in Jan-Feb. For any reasonable soil.

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Hamamelis x intermedia 'Aurora' (new)

A seedling of 'Vesna' with possibly 'Pallida' as the other parent, raised in Holland. Very large, strongly fragrant, bronze-yellow flowers in mid-winter, the petals red at their bases shading to yellow at their tips. Leaves turn to orange-yellow or red in autumn. Award of Garden Merit.

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Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. sinensis LSE 15724 (new)

Very different from the straight species, this rarity from China forms a round headed small tree with a thick trunk and semi-weeping, arching branches. The slightly broader foliage is green above and grey beneath. Very tough and easy, eventually reaching up to about 8m tall with a trunk up to 60cm thick.

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Hydrangea 'Dharuma' (new)

Thought to be a hybrid between H. paniculata and H. heteromalla, this is apparent in the flower heads which visually sit between the two, being broad relatively flattened complex inflorescences with white ray flowers liberally interspersed between the fertile florets; the whole soon turning pink. A rounded fairly small plant to only 1.5m tall. Tough and tolerant.

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Hydrangea angustipetala (new)

A distinct, rarely seen or grown species from the Far East, making a deciduous shrub to 1.5m tall with very slim, willow-like, dark-green, toothed leaves, and lacecaps with white outer florets surrounding soft yellow fertile florets, the outer florets turning yellower as they age. For a semi-shaded position in any fairly reasonable soil; best with a humusy mulch.

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Hydrangea angustipetala 'Golden Crane' (new)

A selected form of this distinct species from the Far East, making a deciduous shrub 1 to 1.5m tall with very slim, willow-like, dark-green, toothed leaves. Fragrant lacecaps with white outer florets surrounding soft yellow fertile florets, the outer florets turning yellower as they age, from spring onwards. For a semi-shaded position in any fairly reasonable soil.

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Hydrangea angustipetala f. macrosepala (new)

A distinct, rarely seen or grown species from the Far East, making a deciduous shrub to 1.5m tall with very slim, willow-like, dark-green, toothed leaves. In this form lacecaps with fewer, particularly large, white, frilly edged outer florets surround soft yellow fertile florets. For a semi-shaded position in any fairly reasonable soil; best with a humusy mulch.

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Hydrangea aspera 'Koki' (new)

A splendid new intro from Japan, with deep purple-red new foliage, expanding to a deep dusky purple-red-green above and red below. Leaves are fairly broad. Large lacecaps of purplish-pink fertile flowers surrounded by pale-pink ray florets. Proven hardy in Europe, with a slightly deeper colour in leaf than 'Gongshan'.

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Hydrangea chinensis 'Big White' (new)

A Maurice Foster selection of this otherwise neglected species, bearing a mass of large lacecaps of creamy small fertile flowers surrounded by large, serrated, pure white outer florets in summer. A medium sized hardy shrub to about 2m, best in semi-shade, not too dry.

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Hydrangea chinensis NJM 11.090 (new)

A collection from Guizhou, SW China, at 1600m asl. This was a rounded deciduous shrub to 2.5m tall, bearing lacecaps of creamy small fertile flowers surrounded by large, serrated, pure white outer florets in summer. Best in semi-shade, not too dry.

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Hydrangea involucrata var. izuensis 'Oshima' (new)

Collected on the Japanese island of the same name, this represents a large growing form of the species, potentially reaching 4m tall under ideal, i.e. humid and semi-shaded conditions. The foliage is slightly thicker and hairier and the lacecap heads of flower are produced late in the season in August and September, being lavender blue with white ray florets.

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Hydrangea longipes 'Trelissick' (new)

A very rarely seen but hardy species making a large spreading shrub to 2.5m tall and more across, the lax branches sweeping the ground. Early flowering, in June, with large lacecap heads of creamy white flowers, the ray florets being up to 5cm across in this cultivar. Distinctive rough, papery foliage up to 22cm long has a petiole of almost the same length.

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Hydrangea macrophylla subsp. stylosa MF 942115 (new)

Undeservedly very rarely encountered, this was found at 2400m, Nushan, W. Yunnan. A deciduous shrub to 1.5m in height with relatively small, slim foliage, covered in a mass of splendid, strikingly bi-coloured lacecaps in July; the central fertile flowers being a vibrant mid-blue, surrounded by frilly-edged, pure white ray florets. Pink and white in alkaline soil..

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Hydrangea paniculata 'Pinky Winky' (new)

One of the very finest of all cultivars, with an AGM after the RHS trial. Very large and full inflorescences up to 30cm long are composed of a large number of ray florets that emerge white and quickly change to a deep pink, as the upper florets are still emerging white. Heads are held on strong upright stems with no flopping. Hard prune or leave to grow to 2.5m

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Hypericum uralum NJM 10.097 (new)

A collection of this pretty, dainty flowered species from the Far north of Vietnam at 1900m asl. A hardy semi-evergreen small growing species with slim, small foliage and pretty, golden-yellow little flowers only 2.5cm across borne on arching shoots in Aug and Sept. reaching between 60cm and 1m high. For sun or semi-shade in most soils.

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Ilex cyrtura - Female (new)

A rarely encountered species from SW China and Upper Burma, suitable for the milder parts of the country, though a plant at the Hillier Gardens in Hampshire has survived for many years. Toothed, leathery leaves with a pronounced slender drip-tip adorn plants that can attain small tree proportions. Bright red fruits occur on females (like this).

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Ilex cyrtura - Male (new)

A rarely encountered species from SW China and Upper Burma, suitable for the milder parts of the country, though a plant at the Hillier Gardens in Hampshire has survived for many years. Toothed, leathery leaves with a pronounced slender drip-tip adorn plants that can attain small tree proportions.

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Indigofera himachalensis H&M 1818 (new)

A new species to cultivation in the UK from the Indian Himalaya, making a deciduous shrub up to 1.8m high, clothed in pretty pinnate foliage and bearing upright racemes of purple-pink pea flowers in summer. For a sunny site in well drained soil. Previously erroneously offered here as I. hancockii.

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Indigofera kirilowii var. alba (new)

The particularly rare white form of this unusual small Chinese sub-shrub with beautiful pinnate foliage and comparatively large pure white pea flowers in dense racemes during early summer. Very hardy, this acts as a herbaceous plant, re-growing strongly from the base when pruned hard in late winter. Plant in full sun. Drought tolerant.

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Iochroma australe White flowered (new)

This South American member of the potato family forms a free growing woody shrub to perhaps 2m tall, with softly hairy leaves and pendulous, funnel shaped, white flowers, dangling along the undersides of the branches in late summer. This is most suited to a protected position, ideally a west wall or suchlike, but has shown remarkable tolerance to cold.

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Jasminum humile f. farreri Farrer 867 (new)

An original collection from N. Burma of this semi-scandent small to medium sized shrub to about 2m, with semi-evergreen pinnate foliage, composed of up to 7 leaflets. Clusters of bright yellow flowers are borne at the end of the shoots in summer. Easy and hardy in sun or semi-shade.

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Juglans major (new)

Very handsome, but rarely seen, this is a classic example of a hardy, drought tolerant attractive tree with splendid foliage that should be far more widely grown. From Arizona and NW Mexico, this walnut is a hardy medium sized deciduous tree to about 15m high with a rounded crown and pinnate leaves composed of up to fifteen lance shaped leaflets.

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Lagerstroemia 'Tuskarora' (new)

Masses of vibrant, deep coral-pink flowers are seen late summer and stems show attractive bark. A cross between L. indica and L. fauriei raised by Don Egolf in the USA, this, despite popular belief, flowers regularly in the Southern UK at least. Plants at Kew have been covered in flower in late summer for many years, including recent poor summers.

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Ligustrum sp. B&L 12261 (new)

A Brickell and Leslie collection from China, this forms a large deciduous shrub with mid sized foliage and large panicles of scented white flowers in summer. Easy and tolerant in most positions. Species as yet unknown...

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Lomatia fraseri (new)

An Australian member of this Proteaceous genus of evergreen trees and shrubs, forming an upright multi-stemmed large shrub with long narrow, toothed, evergreen foliage, and clusters of fragrant white Grevillea-like flowers in summer, much loved by bees. Not good on thin chalk soils, though remarkably hardy and suitable for much of the British Isles.

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Lonicera caerulea var. kamtschatica 'Rebecca' (new)

The Haskap is a superb alternative to blueberries, especially for those without acid soils. Forming an extremely hardy deciduous shrub 75cm x 75cm, with sea-green foliage and yellowish-white flowers followed by elongated blue tinged fruit in June/July. 'Rebecca' is a clone selected for abundant fruit production and flavour and a very compact habit.

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Lonicera caerulea var. kamtschatica 'Vicky' (new)

The Haskap is a superb alternative to blueberries, especially for those without acid soils. Forming an extremely hardy deciduous shrub 1.2m x 1.2m, with sea-green foliage and yellowish-white flowers followed by elongated blue tinged fruit in June/July. 'Vicky' is a clone selected for abundant fruit production, sweet flavour and more compact growth form.

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Luma apiculata 'Nana' (new)

A rare dwarf form with very small foliage and diminutive habit, making a shrub to perhaps 1m high? One would expect this to perhaps be a high altitude selection and it certainly looks very different to the normal tree forms. Usual mass of white flowers in late summer.

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Magnolia 'Phelan Bright' (new)

One of the finest white, spring flowering Magnolias. Raised by Gresham, this flowers relatively late in the season, with pure white, broad tepals, with only a hint of pink hidden at the bases. Usually makes a single stemmed, upright small tree.

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Magnolia 'Yuchelia' (new)

A hybrid between M acuminata 'Miss Honeybee' (Yulania Sect.) and M. figo (Michelia Sect.). One of the first crosses between these Sections, producing a deciduous plant with predominantly rich pink flowers, whitish-pink within and with a rich scent. Should make a small tree 3 or 4m high. Hardy throughout most of the UK.

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Magnolia campbellii var. alba 'Strybing White'

Magnolia campbellii var. alba 'Strybing White' (new)

A unique form of this pure white flowered variety, where the outer tepals droop down vertically around the otherwise upright cup shape of the inner tepals as they age. Raised in California from seed sent from Darjeeling. Potentially a medium to large tree with flowers seen early in the spring, therefore sensible siting is necessary.

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Magnolia caveana NJM 13.037 (new)

Thought to be a new introduction to the West, this was found in Manipur at 2015m asl amongst other temperate flora. A member of Sect. Manglietia, this is a handsome species in foliage alone, with relatively broad evergreen leaves emerging flushed with coppery tones and ginger terminal buds. White flowers in summer. Probably best suited to milder gardens.

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Magnolia caveana NJM 13.044 (new)

Thought to be a new introduction to the West, this was found in Manipur at 2015m asl amongst other temperate flora. A member of Sect. Manglietia, this is a handsome species in foliage alone, with relatively broad evergreen leaves emerging flushed with coppery tones and ginger terminal buds. White flowers in summer. Probably best suited to milder gardens.

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Magnolia ernestii (new)

An evergreen Chinese species with a rounded crown and vigorous growth. Yellowish-cream flowers borne in summer are on the smaller side, but the splendid fragrance scents the air around. Proven hardy over many years in a cold Herefordshire garden, where it defoliates in cold winters, to no detriment.

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Magnolia globosa (new)

Originally collected in Northern Burma. Rarely seen, either in gardens or nurseries, this Himalayan species lives up to its name with creamy-white, nodding, scented, globular flowers borne on stout felted stalks in June. Best in a sheltered site, it will make a fully hardy large shrub or even a small tree given time. Related to M. wilsonii, M. sieboldii etc.

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Magnolia lotungensis (new)

Previously known as Parakmeria, this Chinese evergreen species has proven very hardy in cultivation in the USA, with no damage even down to -18c. Foliage is very glossy and emerges with rich copper tones and the habit is particularly narrow. Smallish flowers are a rich cream with comparatively large purplish-red filaments, seen in summer.

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Magnolia macrophylla ex 'Whopper' (new)

One of the most magnificent of hardy flowering trees, not only for its vast white, purple-marked flowers in summer, opening up to 45cm wide, but also for its gargantuan foliage. Each leaf, with a silver-white underside, is up to 60cm long in the UK, though bigger at home in the S.E. USA. Shelter from wind, good soil, and a warm spot suit this hardy tree well.

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Magnolia macrophylla subsp. ashei x subsp. dealbata F1 (new)

An extremely exciting cross between two exceptional plants. Produced in New Zealand with the hope of combining shorter stature with thicker textured foliage, these are F1 seed raised plants that make tropical looking hardy small trees with huge foliage, whitewashed underneath, and vast white flowers in summer

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Magnolia salicifolia 'Van Veen' (new)

A form selected in Switzerland for very fragrant flowers and fine bamboo-like foliage. The white flowers are borne profusely in early spring, and the attractive foliage is aniseed scented when crushed. This species will make a small to medium sized tree, and is suitable for sun or semi-shade on good soil.

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Magnolia sieboldii DJHG 11120 (new)

A Dan Hinkley collection of this summer flowering species from Guizhou, China, producing fragrant white, red centred, semi-pendulous, cup-shaped, lemony-fragrant blooms on leafy branches intermittently from May to August. Flowers are borne from a young age on a slow growing eventually large shrub. A very fine species, best suited to a neutral to acid soil.

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Mahonia duclouxiana KR 7692 (syn. M. siamensis) (new)

A collection of this variable entity from the Mekong-Salween divide, Yunnan, SW China. A shrub to 3m tall with bold handsome, large, pinnate foliage and huge branched heads of richly scented yellow flowers in winter; paniculate rather than the most often seen racemes. Probably best in a fairly sheltered spot come a very cold winter, but very rare in cultivation.

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Mahonia eurybracteata subsp. ganpinensis (new)

An attractive, small, erect, evergreen shrub from China with elegant, pinnate foliage. In this form the leaflets are less than 1.5cm wide, making for particularly beautiful foliage. Widely used for foliage effect in municipal plantings in China. Upright racemes of pale yellow flowers in autumn, followed by bloomy, blue-black berries. Filtered sun or deep shade.

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Mahonia haematocarpa (new)

A rarely grown native of South Western USA and Northern Mexico. Making a medium sized evergreen shrub up to about 2.5m tall, with light blue-grey pinnate foliage composed of narrow spiny leaflets. Yellow flowers borne in spring all along the vigorous shoots, followed by bright red berries. Sun and drained soil.

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Mahonia magnifica (new)

Well named, this impressive species, first found by Kingdon Ward in Manipur, makes a large multistemmed evergreen shrub with splendid large pinnate foliage composed of long taper pointed well spined leaflets, the veins deeply impressed above. Long racemes of fragrant yellow flowers in spring. This collection from the highest peaks of Mizoram. Hardiness unknown.

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Mahonia pinnata subsp. insularis 'Schnilemoon' (new)

New to the UK, a selection from an endangered race from Santa Cruz Island, California. Foliage emerges bronze tinted and bright green leaflets are relatively flat and almost spineless in comparison with the very undulate spiny leaflets of 'Ken S. Howard'. Congested panicles of rich yellow flowers in spring. To 1.5m high and wide. Very tough and drought tolerant.

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Mahonia sheridaniana Ogisu 93033 (new)

A striking Mahonia recently introduced from China with distinct foliage. A large multistemmed shrub to perhaps 3m tall, the pinnate foliage composed of spiny leaflets, each uniformly twisting and curling downwards to some degree, forming a unique effect. Erect racemes of yellow flowers in autumn followed by bloomy blue-black fruit.

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Mahonia trifolia EKB 4618 (new)

A very little known, but very hardy species from high altitude in C Mexico. A slow growing species, eventually reaching 3 or 4 metres in height with very dark green, hard, rigidly spiny leaflets held in threes or fives which turn to deep plum shades in cold winters. Rich yellow flowers are held in clusters up the stems in spring. Closely related to M. moranensis.

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Mahonia x media F2 (new)

A rather distinct backcross of the commonly grown 'Charity', raised at Windsor. In this form the large handsome pinnate foliage is composed of particularly flat and relatively slim leaflets, all sitting in one plane, giving an unusual texture. Light yellow flowers in upright racemes in mid winter. A large evergreen shrub for sun or shade.

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Metapanax davidii (new)

A hardy, slow growing evergreen large shrub from China and N Vietnam, bearing deep green leaves either entire or variably divided into two or three lobes and rather resembling an arborescent ivy. A shrub to about 3m high eventually, with a broad habit. Umbels of small green flowers in long terminal panicles, followed by black fruits.

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Metapanax delavayi (new)

An exciting hardy Schefflera relative from China forming an evergreen rounded shrub 3-4m high eventually, the leaves elegantly divided as Schefflera into distinct leaflets. Leaves often have five slim leaflets, but plants most often settle down to three in maturity. Terminal heads of irrelevant greenish flowers in August. Has taken -18c in the USA unscathed.

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Morus cathayana (new)

Introduced by Ernest Wilson in 1907, this has remained a very rare tree in cultivation, though perfectly hardy. A handsome species on account of its large, heart shaped foliage, tipped with a slender point. Fruits usually ripen to black and reach 2.5cm long.

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Nothofagus betuloides (new)

The most southerly of the Chilean evergreen species, this forms a more compact, generally medium sized tree than the larger N. dombeyi or N. nitida, growing in columnar fashion when young and the leaves with a dentate rather than serrate margin. Particularly rare in the UK, this is a handsome thing. Not for chalk soils.

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Nothofagus cunninghamii (new)

A rarely seen evergreen species from the mountains of Tasmania and Australia, best suited to milder gardens. Forming a small evergreen tree with slim wiry branches and densely set tiny dark green leaves, often coppery on new growth. The dominant rainforest tree in Tasmania.

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Olearia lacunosa (new)

Very rarely obtainable, yet one of the finest of all Olearia and a striking and very distinctive foliage plant. Leaves are rigid, long and very narrow, deep green above with a prominent cream midrib; covered in a pale indumentum beneath. Small white flowers rarely produced in the UK. A medium sized shrub, requiring free drainage, not too dry and not arctic.

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Olearia macrodonta 'Minor' (new)

A dwarf form of the species, smaller in all its parts than the norm, but bearing the same fine features of this tough evergreen shrub from New Zealand. Sage-green foliage is spine edged and silvery-white beneath and the broad panicles of fragrant white flowers cover the plant in June. Superb in coastal exposure but just fine inland also. Hardy

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Osbeckia stellata NJM 13.058 (new)

From 1840m in Manipur, this 1m shrubby member of the Melastomataceae resembles a pink flowered Tibouchina in many ways. Flowering in late summer and autumn, the heads of pink flowers are set off by the foliage, with distinctive, longitudinal, deeply impressed veins. Should be tried outside in very mild areas, but otherwise overwintered as per Tibouchina.

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Osmanthus fragrans (new)

One of the finest evergreen shrubs for fragrance, the clusters of creamy flowers in summer are strongly and deliciously fragrant and very different in this respect to others in the genus. Unfortunately not the hardiest species, so best suited to milder gardens or excellent as a potted plant, overwintered with protection. The new foliage emerges purple.

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Phlomis bourgaei NJM 12.008 (new)

Collected in SW Turkey near Sariyer at 678m alt, this unusual species has broad green foliage in winter. In the Med' summer heat twisted, thickly golden-brown or pale grey hairy leaves replace the winter leaves after the yellow flowers have appeared in June, but in the UK we keep the broad winter leaves and get either grey or sand yellow tints. For sunny well drained sites.

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Photinia sp. NJM 09.097 (new)

An evergreen shrub to small tree in the wild, with red berries in autumn, collected form Fan Si Pan Mt., N. Vietnam at 2045m asl. Species unknown as yet. Try this in a sheltered spot.

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Pinus bhutanica KR 10358 (new)

An extremely rare close relative of P. wallichiana, with the blue-green foliage more starkly pendulous, somewhat in the style of P. patula, on spreading, drooping, sinuous branches. These represent a recent collection from Arunachal Pradesh. Trees from Bhutan have proven hardy in the UK over the last 20 years or so (even 2010) and are most beautiful.

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Pinus sylvestris 'Edwin Hillier' (new)

An old Hillier selection of the Scots Pine with particularly beautiful silvery blue-green foliage. The younger bark is classically orange tinted, which contrasts superbly with the foliage. A variably sized tree for any soil. Height depends on soil and exposure but usually medium to large.

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Pittosporum glabratum (new)

An evergreen Chinese species, very rarely seen in cultivation, up to 1.8m high with dark green foliage, tapered at both ends, and very fragrant soft yellow flowers seen in May. Seed capsules split to reveal bright red seeds in autumn. For a sheltered position, though actually really rather hardy.

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Pittosporum patulum (new)

A most unusual hardy species from New Zealand, very rarely available, with an upright habit to 4.5m high. Juvenile foliage is brown-purple tinged, very narrow, up to 5cm long and conspicuously lobed, turning to entire or toothed and up to 12cm in the adult stage. Small fragrant, bell shaped, crimson flowers in terminal clusters in summer. A distinctive foliage plant.

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Podocarpus macrophyllus (new)

Native of the Far East, this is one of the hardiest of all Podocarps, withstanding heavy frosts if sited well. Leaves long leathery and narrow, usually up to 13cm, but up to 18cm on vigorous shoots, green above and glaucous beneath. An evergreen shrub or small tree given enough time. Lime tolerant but not suited to chalk.

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Podocarpus salignus Hardy form

Podocarpus salignus Hardy form (new)

From Chile comes this noble evergreen tree, related to the conifers, but with egg shaped fleshy fruits. A medium sized tree eventually with superb rich-green, long, narrow, almost willow-like foliage loading the branches. Elegant and with an exotic appearance, this form has proved hardy in a cold inland Cumbrian (!) garden over many years, given reasonable shelter.

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Podocarpus totara (new)

A mighty tree in its native New Zealand, this makes a fine specimen in the Far South West at least, where the largest old specimen in the UK is known to be 19m tall with a substantial trunk. Further East it is much smaller and survives considerable cold if well sheltered. Stiff, leathery, sharply pointed foliage in two ranks or scattered on the shoot.

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Polyspora axillaris (new)

A collection from 2000m in the mountain forests of Taiwan, where this forms an evergreen tree. Here in cultivation it will be smaller growing, to perhaps large shrub size. Large thick textured evergreen foliage to 15cm long form the backdrop to large Camellia-like flowers, white with golden yellow centres, seen in autumn. For a sheltered position in lime free soil.

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Poncirus trifoliata

Poncirus trifoliata (new)

'Japanese Bitter Orange'. A remarkable, stout, slow growing, medium sized, hardy shrub closely related to Citrus, with armoured green stems and beautiful, white, sweetly scented, orange blossom like flowers in spring. Fruit like little yellow oranges produced after hot summers, or if planted in a very warm spot. Sun, well drained soil.

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Populus glauca KR 3993 (new)

This very rare tree was originally collected in Yunnan by Keith Rushforth. Striking in foliage with large, rounded, blue-green leaves with red veins on flattened red petioles, emerging fairly late in late spring. Vigorous and hardy, this will make a medium sized tree for most soils.

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Populus glauca MF 20088 (new)

This very rare tree was originally collected in the Gaoligongshan, NW Yunnan. Striking in foliage with large, rounded, blue-green leaves with red veins on flattened red petioles, emerging fairly late in late spring/early summer. Vigorous and hardy, this will make a medium sized tree for most soils.

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Populus lasiocarpa Hermaphrodite form (new)

A form collected by Ernest Wilson with polygamous catkins. An ornamental medium sized Chinese tree with huge leaves often up to 30cm long, with conspicuous red veins and leaf stalks. Nothing like the huge hybrid Poplars we are so used to seeing in our river valleys, these will form smaller, dome shaped trees. Plants can be coppiced to produce huge foliage.

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Pourthiaea aff. arguta KR 10738 (new)

Collected in Arunachal Pradesh, Far NE India, this Rosaceous large shrub to small tree is very closely allied to Photinia and is also known as that. Creamy white flowers in terminal corymbs in spring/summer followed by red fruit in autumn. Leaves are relatively narrow, sprinkled with white hair when young and semi-persistent in winter. Hardiness untested.

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Prunus himalaica (new)

Closely related to both P. serrula and P. rufa, this is also grown for its wonderful bark; deep mahogany with very heavy horizontal lenticel banding creating a striking effect. A small tree, introduced from Nepal in only 1965, this usually branches low into multiple stems; all the better for seeing the bark effects. Softly hairy serrated foliage and pale flowers in spring.

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Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii (new)

The Catalina cherry hails from the Channel Islands off the coast of Southern California where it grows with such delights as Lyonothamnus etc. An evergreen large shrub with glossy foliage and racemes of white flowers in June/July up to 13cm long, followed by rounded fruit, starting red and turning black. For a sheltered position. Rarely seen or offered.

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Prunus phaeosticta NJM 10.072 (new)

From the top of Tay Con Linh Mountain, N. Vietnam, a place probably no other Westerners have been, from where you can look straight into China. A small evergreen tree. the glossy foliage emerging bright pink-red with deeply impressed veins and a drip-tip. Masses of white flowers in upright racemes. Untried here, but best sheltered I'm sure.

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Prunus sp. NJM 13.108 (new)

Found at 1950m in Nagaland, NE India, this was a deciduous tree to 13m tall. Foliage is fairly substantial for a cherry. Flowers unseen.

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Pseudolarix amabilis (new)

A very attractive slow growing, very hardy, deciduous Chinese conifer superficially similar to Larch, but with longer thicker leaves bright, light green all summer, turning a striking rich golden-yellow in autumn. The little cones that stud the branches resemble small artichokes. Potentially a medium sized tree.

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Pseudopanax crassifolius f. trifoliolatus (new)

Most unusual and totally bizarre, this is a three lobed form of a bizarre looking plant at the best of times. Each dark-brown tinged rigid leaf is composed of three very narrow, linear lobes. These are produced around the slim vertical narrow stem, to about 5m, when the plant will enter adult stage and broaden its crown. Fairly hardy but not for the coldest areas.

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Pseudotaxus chienii (new)

The White Berried Yew is now almost an endangered species in its wild Chinese home and as yet extremely scarce here in cultivation in the UK. This makes a shrub or small tree 2 to 5m in the wild with dark green yew-like foliage, but with white-bands on leaf undersides, and deep red-brown bark. Translucent white berries are borne on female specimens. Hardy.

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Pterocarya fraxinifolia NJM 13.007 (new)

A collection from the rich Hyrcanian forests of Azerbaijan. A vigorous tough, tolerant, large deciduous tree from the Caucasus to N. Iran with pinnate foliage up to 60cm long and female inflorescences up to 50cm. Loves wet sites, but isn't demanding of them. Hardy and easy in most positions.

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Pterocarya tonkinensis (new)

Extremely rare in cultivation, these are the first ever sold and distributed in the UK of this Wingnut from Southern China and neighbouring countries. A large tree, similar to P. stenoptera that can intergrade with it in the wild. Grows well in Edinburgh, but will no doubt grow more vigorously further south. Naturally a moisture lover, but tolerant of drier sites.

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Pterostyrax psilophyllus var. leveillei (new)

This stumped us in Guizhou with its unusual and striking trilobed leaves. A vigorous Chinese deciduous tree, producing masses of small white flowers in pendulous panicles up to 15cm long in June on almost bare branches. Reaching 10m or more in cultivation, this is the rarest member of this very small genus in cultivation, even more so in this form.

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Pyrus elaeagnifolia 'Silver Sails' (new)

A particularly silvery leaved form of this tough small tree from SE Europe and Turkey with lance shaped leaves folding in at the margins. One of the finest species for silver foliage effect, but rarely planted. A whole lot nicer than the dumpy P. salicifolia 'Pendula'.

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Quercus acutissima subsp. kingii NJM 13.077 (new)

A recent collection from Manipur of this extremely rare oak, endemic to the Western part of the species range, in the Eastern Himalaya etc. A fast growing tree to perhaps 12m tall in the wild. Glossy green leaves are up to 20cm long with multiple, closely set parallel veins ending in sharp forward pointing bristle tipped teeth.

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Quercus acutissima subsp. kingii PAB 7957 (new)

A recent collection from Manipur of this extremely rare oak, endemic to the Western part of the species range, in the Eastern Himalaya etc. A fast growing tree to perhaps 12m tall in the wild. Glossy green leaves are up to 20cm long with multiple, closely set parallel veins ending in sharp forward pointing bristle tipped teeth.

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Quercus aucheri NJM 12.009 (new)

Closely related to Q. coccifera, this endemic of a limited area of the Eastern Mediterranean is known from localised and isolated populations and classified as 'near threatened' by the IUCN. It differs in being pubescent in all parts, including the acorns. A slow growing, grey-green, small evergreen tree eventually. Particularly rare in cultivation.

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Quercus castaneifolia NJM 13.004 (new)

One of the fastest growing and truly most magnificent of all oaks; one only needs to visit Kew to see this! My collection from the Caspian Hyrcanian forests, very near Lankaran, S. Azerbaijan. A superb specimen for a large garden or parkland forming a huge rounded crown. The leaves are rather chestnut-like, funnily enough, margined with coarse, triangular teeth.

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Quercus castaneifolia NJM 13.006 (new)

One of the fastest growing and truly most magnificent of all oaks; one only needs to visit Kew to see this! My collection from the Caspian Hyrcanian forests, S. Azerbaijan. A superb specimen for a large garden or parkland forming a huge rounded crown. The leaves are rather chestnut-like, funnily enough, margined with coarse, triangular teeth.

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Quercus castaneifolia NJM 13.008 (new)

One of the fastest growing and truly most magnificent of all oaks; one only needs to visit Kew to see this! My collection from the Caspian Hyrcanian forests, S. Azerbaijan. A superb specimen for a large garden or parkland forming a huge rounded crown. The leaves are rather chestnut-like, funnily enough, margined with coarse, triangular teeth.

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Quercus coccifera NJM 12.006

Quercus coccifera NJM 12.006 (new)

'Kermes Oak'. The classic dwarf scrub oak of the Mediterranean basin, looking more like a holly. This collection from SW Turkey. A slow growing, drought resistant evergreen shrub, eventually reaching 2m or more in a sunny site. The foliage often emerges in beautiful shades of copper-red. This is the host plant of the cochineal producing Kermes insect.

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Quercus engleriana NJM 11.028 (new)

Particularly rare in cultivation, this evergreen oak from SW China makes a large tree to 25m tall with a full rounded crown, though about 10m in cultivation here. Distinctive long slim taper pointed leaves with bright green undersides, deep green above and up to 16cm long.

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Quercus falcata (new)

The Southern Red Oak from the Eastern, Southern and Central USA forms a vigorous large tree with long stalked glossy green foliage to 20cm long, grey hairy beneath. Foliage varies enormously, but on an individual specimen early season leaves are often 3 to 5 lobed, the lobes long and slim and those on the second flush with up to 10 lobes.

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Quercus franchetii (new)

Very rarely obtainable, this handsome evergreen oak, mainly found wild in SW China, reaches up to 15m in the wild. The finely serrated usually elliptic foliage is up to 12cm long, emerges covered in off-white hair and expands to deep-green above with the underside densely covered by the same very short off-white hair. Seemingly perfectly hardy.

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Quercus germana (new)

A large evergreen species from Mexico with leaves up to 20cm long, toothed only towards the apex. The new growth colour is particularly beautiful, being deep maroon tinted, but also overlain with the merest glaucous satiny sheen - a truly lovely combo. Slightly delicate, but worth trying in southerly areas, especially with reasonably warm summers.

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Quercus glauca Indian form (new)

An evergreen Oak with a very wide distribution, from the Himalaya to the Far East, but rarely seen over here. It forms a bushy small tree with finely toothed leaves, pointed at the tip, rich bronze-red when expanding, turning deep green and glossy above, though glaucous beneath. Perfectly hardy. This collection from Shillong Peak, NE India.

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Quercus glauca Taiwanese form

Quercus glauca Taiwanese form (new)

An evergreen Oak with a very wide distribution, from the Himalaya to the Far East, but rarely seen over here. It forms a bushy small tree with finely toothed leaves, pointed at the tip, rich bronze-red when expanding, turning deep green and glossy above, though glaucous beneath. Perfectly hardy.

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Quercus griffithii NJM 13.075 (new)

Collected in the Eastern hills of Manipur, this is a very rare opportunity to purchase this Himalayan/SE Asian species which has only very recently been introduced to cultivation. The deciduous foliage is bold and up to about 20cm long, with shallow, forward pointing lobes. This oak prefers warm summers and is growing strongly at Kew, for example.

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Quercus imbricaria (new)

The Shingle Oak from the Eastern USA; these acorns were collected in Illinois and seem to represent a fairly large leaved form. Very simple foliage, being up to 18cm long and oblong, without lobes, rich shining green, turning to deep red in autumn. Strong growing in youth, but only reaching to a maximum of 20m tall. Not for shallow chalk soils.

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Quercus macrocarpa (new)

The Burr oak from N America makes a striking, characterful, medium sized hardy tree with huge foliage on young vigorous specimens up to 40cm long. The leaves are conspicuously lobed and covered on the underside by a pale mat of fine hairs. Bone hardy, but rarely seen here in the UK. Not for thin chalk soils.

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Quercus myrtifolia (new)

The Myrtle Oak hails from the Far S.E. USA where it makes an evergreen or semi-evergreen shrub or small tree with rigid, glossy, bright green, usually obovate foliage up to 5cm long. Very drought tolerant and hardy if given shelter.

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Quercus pagoda (new)

The Cherrybark Oak from the moist bottomland forests of the SE USA is a close relation of Q. falcata and makes a fast growing tree up to about 20m in the UK. Leaves are along the lines of many red oak types, but the derivation of the name pagoda can be seen by turning a leaf on end. Splendid red autumn colour. Not for shallow chalk soils.

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Quercus petraea subsp. iberica NJM 13.025 (new)

This is not from Spain or Portugal as the name might suggest, but actually a very rare eastern variant from SW Asia, the leaves having up to ten pairs of shallow lobes. These were found in the Eastern Caucasus in Azerbaijan. Highly drought resistant and completely hardy, making a fine large specimen oak.

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Quercus polymorpha (new)

The Mexican White Oak is rarely found in the UK, but is hardy and has reached at least 5m tall in Cambridgeshire. It will no doubt prefer the extra heat of the Southern Counties however. Unlobed to slightly lobed semi-evergreen ovate to elliptic foliage up to 15cm long. Reaches 20m in the wild and will no doubt do so in parts of Southern Europe too.

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Quercus pubescens subsp. crispata NJM 12.016 (new)

A fairly obscure, Southern European, deciduous oak, with the downy, grey-green foliage deeply dissected into narrow lobes. Easy and hardy in the UK, it is also very drought tolerant: I have seen them growing on rocky South facing hillsides on the Italian Riviera. Makes a small to medium sized tree.

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Quercus pubescens subsp. crispata NJM 12.017 (new)

A fairly obscure, Southern European, deciduous oak, with the downy, grey-green foliage deeply dissected into narrow lobes. Easy and hardy in the UK, it is also very drought tolerant: I have seen them growing on rocky South facing hillsides on the Italian Riviera. Makes a small to medium sized tree.

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Quercus pyrenaica NJM 12.001 (new)

A collection from Far Western Portugal of this European endemic, representing an outyling population. Particularly well lobed deciduous foliage, with 4 to 7 on each side of the leaves, which emerge covered in a whitish wool in spring, turning glossy on top. A good strong oak reaching 25m or so in the UK.

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Quercus sadleriana (new)

A Western North American evergreen scrub oak endemic to the Siskiyou Mts., forming a handsome stoutly branched shrub only 1.8 to 3m high. The comparatively large leathery deep-green leaves to about 12cm long are paler beneath and are conspicuously and deeply parallel veined and surprisingly similar to Q. pontica. A slow growing drought tolerant rarity.

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Quercus schottkyana (new)

A SW Chinese endemic evergreen oak, related to Q. glauca, but with the new foliage densely white hairy and pinky-red, turning green above and glaucous beneath, serrated and with a drawn out tip. A handsome Cyclobalanopsis oak, rare in cultivation, but doing very well here. The largest known in the UK is a young specimen 10m tall at Chevithorne Barton.

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Quercus semecarpifolia Small leaved form (new)

A Nepalese collection of this splendid, but rarely seen evergreen oak with smaller than normal leaves. Potentially forming a strong upright tree 15 to 20m tall given 100 years, with handsome undulate foliage, spine edged on young plants, but entire on older specimens, emerging with the undersides conspicuously sand-yellow hairy. Very hardy.

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Quercus sp. NJM 05.013a

Quercus sp. NJM 05.013a (new)

A medium sized tree with fairly narrow evergreen foliage with shallow lobes and the most superb, rich-red new growth. Collected west of Teziutlan, Puebla State, Mexico at 2100m alt. Fully hardy and even fully evergreen exposed in a field through Dec 2010 here in a rural frost hollow in Gloucestershire! Unidentified as yet.

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Quercus texana (new)

The Texas Red Oak makes a medium to large, fast growing tree with a rounded crown. The deeply lobed leaves emerge coppery-red tinted and autumn colours come late in the season, being deep red and plum. Not good on thin alkaline soils.

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Quercus texana 'New Madrid' (new)

From the Missouri town of the same name, this spectacular form has deep red new growth that fades slowly through different shades of red to green. The Texas Red Oak makes a medium to large, fast growing tree with a rounded crown. Autumn colours come late in the season, being deep red and plum. Not good on thin alkaline soils.

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Quercus trojana (new)

Macedonian Oak. An Albanian collection of this Balkan, SE Italian and Turkish deciduous oak, related to Q. cerris, but with rather different foliage and only forming a small to medium sized densely branched tree, to a maximum of about 20m here. The persistent leaves are glossy green, oblong, taper pointed and margined with large triangular teeth,

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Quercus x bushii 'Seattle Trident' (new)

A superb foliage plant of the first order. Strikingly handsome broad, glossy, dark-green leaves are prominently three lobed at the apex and about 20cm long. A hybrid of Q. marilandica and Q. velutina making a perfectly hardy small to medium sized deciduous tree eventually.

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Rhododendron aff. arizelum KR 10420 (new)

A collection from Arunachal Pradesh. One of the finer large leaved species; leaf undersides covered in rich cinnamon velvety indumentum. Flowers very variable in colour, being cream to deep yellow, white, or pale to deep pink. The gorgeous bark is pink to reddish brown. A large shrub to small tree in the right conditions. Hardy over most of the UK with shelter.

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Rhododendron aff. kendrickii KR 10359 (new)

A collection from Arunachal Pradesh of what appears to be this species. This was a small tree found at 1922m asl. Flowers should be dense rounded trusses of pink, scarlet or crimson flowers, sometimes with darker spots. Leaves are glossy deep green and lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. Rare in cultivation. For milder gardens

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Rhododendron arizelum (new)

A collection from Far NW Yunnan. One of the finer large leaved species; leaf undersides covered in rich cinnamon velvety indumentum. Flowers very variable in colour, being cream to deep yellow, white, or pale to deep pink. The gorgeous bark is pink to reddish brown. A large shrub to small tree in the right conditions. Hardy over most of the UK with shelter.

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Rhododendron boothii Mishmiense Group KR 10716 (new)

A rare opportunity to purchase this epiphytic species from Arunachal Pradesh and SE Tibet. This collection found growing at c.2800m asl in Arunachal Pradesh. A shrub 1.5 to 2.5m tall with densely bristly branches and heads of yellow flowers with red spots. New foliage deep red, becoming very thick textured and green. For milder gardens or pot culture.

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Rhododendron johnstoneanum NJM 12.068 (new)

From the summit of Khayangphung, Manipur at 2800m asl, smack on the border with Burma. A large evergreen shrub of the Maddenia Subsect., the dark green foliage with a bristly margin and densely golden scaly beneath. Open faced sweetly scented white flowers blotched yellow in the throat emerge from primrose buds. Hardy in mild gardens.

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Rhododendron sinofalconeri NJM 09.137 (new)

A collection from Fan Si Pan, N. Vietnam at 2300m asl where it grew as a 7m high small tree. Introduced to the UK in only 1992, this has proven completely hardy, even in Scotland. Large leathery obovate foliage to 32cm long is beige underneath and the large trusses of bell-shaped flowers are pale-yellow, seen in April and May.

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Rhus potaninii (new)

One of the finest small trees for brilliant red autumn colour, receiving an Award of Merit for such. Leaflets toothed in juvenility, becoming entire in adulthood. Vigorous in youth and reaching about 10m at maturity. Good in most soils, acid or alkaline and perfectly hardy. Rarely flowers or fruits in the UK.

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Rubus lineatus from Nagaland (new)

One of the finest of foliage plants, up there with Neolitsea, Schefflera etc, with extremely attractive leaves in the style of a Schefflera, but with the 5 leaflets conspicuously and densely parallel veined, green above and silvery, shining, silky beneath. A virtually spineless, multistemmed semi-evergreen shrub to 2m, for a sheltered corner.

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Salix radinostachya (new)

A really rather ornamental shrubby willow, having deep red stems in winter and bright green, relatively large, lanceolate leaves with pale white glaucous undersides and red petioles, the red bleeding into the leaf midrib. Extremely rare in cultivation.

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Sambucus nigra subsp. caerulea (new)

Totally neglected in cultivation over here, this is really very beautiful in fruit. The Blue Elderberry from the Western USA does what it says on the tin. Highly attractive bright pale-sky-blue berries are borne in large bunches in late summer/autumn. Otherwise it is rather similar in most ways to our tough old native, though the foliage is a tad more attractive.

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Saxegothaea conspicua Weeping form (new)

From Southern Chile and Argentina comes this monotypic tree, which provides a link between Podocarpaceae and Araucariaceae. A large shrub or more usually a small tree with spreading and drooping branches with pendulous branchlets, particularly weeping in this form. Almost yew-like, but very distinctive in habit as it ages. Perfectly hardy in the UK.

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Schefflera alpina NJM 09.140 (new)

Different from NJM 09.157. A high altitude collection from N. Vietnam of this highly desirable large shrub in the Aralia family. Leathery leaflets radiate in groups of seven from long petioles and heads of purple tinged flowers in early autumn make way for bloomy black fruit. One of the hardier species, favouring upland areas in the wild. This collection from 2380m alt.

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Schefflera delavayi (new)

One of the most handsome and potentially hardiest of the Schefflera now grown in the UK. A variable species in the wild it would seem, but this form bears glossy, rich green leaves composed usually of five leaflets, often mildly lobed when young. Spectacular large terminal heads of small white flowers in summer. A large shrub or small tree for a sheltered spot.

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Schefflera gracilis NJM 10.102 (new)

A rather hardy and relatively small growing elegant species, to about 1.8m, from N. Vietnam, where it is found at around 2000m asl in semi-shade. Compound palmate foliage variably has an extra rank of one or two leaflets above the others. Comparatively large and showy panicles of white flowers in late summer adored by insects. Surprising tough in Dec 2010.

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Schefflera sp. nova NJM 13.128 (new)

This recent find from high altitude in Nagaland is apparently an undescribed new species. Sharing the forest at over 2700m asl with Rhododendron macabeanum, this made a small tree to about 10m in the largest specimens, but most often much smaller. Compound palmate leaves with lightly toothed leaflets green above and grey hairy beneath.

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Schima aff. argentea NJM 13.042 (new)

A recent collection from Manipur, NE India, which appears to fit this species, with evergreen leathery foliage, tapered at both ends and glaucous below. The golden centred white flowers are like small camellias and are produced in late summer and early autumn. Schima argentea is proven hardy to at least -18c in the UK and makes a large upright shrub.

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Sequoiadendron giganteum 'Glaucum' (new)

This light blue-green leaved version of the Giant Redwood forms a much narrower crown, making a slim spire, quite striking when compared to the thumping great ordinary version. This form is less vigorous, but they will no doubt become a fair bit wider given 100 yrs or so. There are fine specimens at the Hillier arboretum in Hampshire. Easy in most positions.

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Skimmia japonica 'Kew White' (new)

A fine female cultivar with unusual creamy white fruits. Simple, dark, evergreen, glossy foliage and conical heads of highly scented creamy-white flowers in June on a dense low mound to about 1m high, sometimes a bit higher. Happy in shade or sun on most soils.

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Sorbus (sect. Discolores) KR 5585 (new)

One of the finest of the 'new' rowans on the scene, this one collected by Keith Rushforth in Tibet at 2850m alt. and as yet formally undescribed. The pinnate leaves are blue-green and the heavy clusters of fruit start white and turn pink as the leaves change to warm yellow and orange in autumn. A small tree for any normal soil in good light.

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Sorbus harrowiana ex Dulong, NW Yunnan (new)

Most distinct amongst the rowans, this Chinese/Burmese species, closely related to S. insignis, has comparatively huge foliage composed of great fat, thick textured, glossy, dark green leaflets with pale glaucous undersides. Large flat heads of white flowers are followed by small usually creamy-white fruits. Makes a large shrub or small tree eventually. Quite striking!

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Sorbus harrowiana ex NW Burma (new)

Most distinct amongst the rowans, this Chinese/Burmese species, closely related to S. insignis, has comparatively huge foliage composed of great fat, thick textured, glossy, dark green leaflets with pale glaucous undersides. Large flat heads of white flowers are followed by small usually creamy-white fruits. Makes a large shrub or small tree eventually. Quite striking!

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Sorbus harrowiana ex NW Burma, from pink fruited (new)

From rare pink fruited trees of this Chinese/Burmese species. Closely related to S. insignis, this has comparatively huge foliage composed of great fat, thick textured, glossy, dark green leaflets with pale glaucous undersides. Large flat heads of white flowers are followed by small usually pink fruits. Makes a large shrub or small tree eventually. Quite striking!

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Sorbus hedlundii GWJ 9363 (new)

A collection from E Sikkim at 2950m asl, which has a wash of particularly persistent white hair on the upper side of the large leaves and are brilliant white underneath. Early growth has striking bronze veins on leaf undersides. White flowers are followed by small brownish green fruit. A tough, hardy small to medium sized tree. A superlative whitebeam.

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Sorbus keenanii NJM 13.050 (syn. S. insignis) (new)

A collection from Manipur at just under 2400m asl. A superlative Rowan from NE India and Burma with bold pinnate leaves up to 25cm long, composed of glossy green narrow leaflets, glaucous beneath and turning red in early winter. Creamy-white flowers in summer are followed by large heads of small red fruit which last until the following spring. Hardy.

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Sorbus keenanii x wattii NJM 13.123 (new)

From 3000m on Japfü Peak, Nagaland, NE India, this is probably this previously unknown hybrid combination. Found as a shrub on an exposed ridge, this will be a small tree in cultivation. Very shiny rich green pinnate foliage, pale white-green on the underside, turning to deep red and orange in the autumn. Fruit unseen as yet.

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Sorbus keissleri NJM 11.056 (new)

A recent collection from Fanjing Shan, Guizhou of this rare and distinct hardy Chinese species. Sweetly scented white flowers in spring followed by green and red globular fruit like little crab apples. Makes a hardy large shrub or small tree with multiple ascending branches for any reasonable soil. Splendid red and orange autumn colour.

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Sorbus keissleri NJM 11.060 (new)

Our recent collection from Fanjing Shan, Guizhou of this rare and distinct hardy Chinese species. Sweetly scented white flowers in spring followed by green and red globular fruit like little crab apples. Makes a hardy large shrub or small tree with multiple ascending branches for any reasonable soil. Splendid red and orange autumn colour.

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Sorbus megalocarpa var. cuneata (new)

An unusual species from China with conspicuous cream flowers opening uniquely before the leaves in spring, the fruit being the same size and colouring of small partridge eggs. New leaves emerge red in spring and often assume similar colouring in autumn. This variety is easier in sites prone to late frost. A small tree eventually, for ordinary soil.

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Sorbus paniculata NJM 13.067 (new)

From Manipur, NE India; the first introduction to Western cultivation, as far as is known. Regarded as distinct by the leading expert on Himalayan Sorbi, this forms a small tree with conspicuously white woolly new shoots and leaves; the hair falling later. White flowers in spring followed by brown fruits. Hardiness untested as yet, but possibly not for the coldest areas.

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Sorbus paniculata NJM 13.092 (new)

From Nagaland, NE India; the first introduction to Western cultivation, as far as is known. Regarded as distinct by the leading expert on Himalayan Sorbi, this forms a small tree with conspicuously white woolly new shoots and leaves; the hair falling later. White flowers in spring followed by brown fruits. Hardiness untested as yet, but possibly not for the coldest areas.

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Stachyurus 'Rubriflorus'

Stachyurus 'Rubriflorus' (new)

A form of this beautiful spring flowering deciduous shrub where the normally primrose-yellow flowers are red in bud, opening pink-tinged-primrose. They hang in rigidly pendulous racemes all along the bare branches in March. Handsome foliage with pointed tips. Best in full sun to promote heavy flowering, though perfectly happy in semi-shade. Easy and hardy.

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Stachyurus chinensis 'Celina' (new)

A selected form of this exceptional deciduous large hardy shrub. Dark purple-brown branches are exquisitely strung along their bare lengths in early spring with rigidly pendulous racemes up to 13cm long, of small primrose-yellow flowers. Foliage is handsome in form with a long tapering tip.

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Stachyurus praecox 'Petra' (new)

A glorious sight if grown well, this is a selected form. Stiffly pendulous racemes of tiny, soft primrose-yellow cup shaped flowers adorn the bare branches in early spring; March or even earlier. Plant this medium sized shrub in a sunny site to promote strong flowering, though it is rather shade tolerant. Easy and hardy, though watch out for late frosts when young.

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Stachyurus yunnanensis (new)

An evergreen species, perfectly hardy in cultivation, this forms a medium sized shrub with foliage resembling a Leucothoe, being oblong, leathery and slightly pewtered green, sometimes flushed red and with a satin sheen. Flowers are primrose-green in stiffly drooping spikes up to 8cm long, spread down the branches in in early spring.

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Styrax americanus Kankakee form (new)

A medium sized upright shrub for lime-free soil. Masses of bell-shaped white flowers seen in early summer have narrow reflexed petals and hang on slender stalks with up to four in a cluster. This is a preferred Northern form of the species. Probably best in the UK with a warm summer position, though perfectly hardy.

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Styrax sp. NJM 11.013 (new)

Found high on Leigongshan, Guizhou, SW China, this was a small tree to perhaps 6m, amongst such delights as Magnolia sprengeri, Acer flabellatum, Euonymus hamiltonianus etc, etc. It's very hard to key out Styrax species from China with any accuracy, so lets just say that this is an interesting and beautiful white flowered small tree for lime free soil.

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Styrax wuyuanensis (new)

A recent introduction from China, this is an upright shrubby tree to only 3m tall, with comparatively large white flowers dangling from the branches en masse in May. From Anhui and Jiangxi Provinces at around 2000m, this is hardy in cultivation.

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Syringa komarowii subsp. reflexa (new)

One of the finest of all lilacs, this very hardy and tolerant Central Chinese large deciduous shrub reaches 3 to 6m tall on many stems. Large rough oval leaves are up to 20cm long and cascades of long pendulous tapering flower clusters up to 20cm long are composed of purplish-pink flowers, whitish within, seen in late May and June. Very free flowering.

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Syringa pinnatifolia (new)

Try and catch out your most haughty botanical and horticultural friends with this one. A species of lilac from NC China with relatively short completely pinnate leaves. Small nodding panicles of scented white flowers in May. Makes a deciduous hardy shrub to about 2.5m tall.

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Taiwania cryptomerioides (new)

A magnificent conifer from N Burma, N Vietnam, SW China and Taiwan, where it makes trees up to 50m high, though a much smaller thing here. The largest so far in the UK is 21m tall, though it is rarely seen. A very conical tree with drooping branchlets densely clothed in glaucous-green sickle shaped foliage in the style of Cryptomeria. For a sheltered site.

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Tetradium daniellii Korean form (new)

A superior form of this fast growing small to medium sized hardy tree from the Far East. Corymbs of flowers borne in late summer/early autumn, creamy white, pungently scented and attractive to all manner of beneficial insects, giving way to fat clusters of burgundy seed capsules. Large pinnate leaves, turning yellow in autumn, and smooth grey bark.

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Tilia 'Harold Hillier' (new)

A vigorous hybrid lime raised in 1973 and thought to be T. japonica 'Ernest Wilson' x T. mongolica. A medium sized tree of conical habit, the leaves are rather maple-like with three prominent lobes and bristle-tipped teeth, dark green above and grey-green beneath, turning to a rich butter-yellow in autumn. Clean of aphids in summer. 16m high after 40 years.

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Tilia 'Varsaviensis' (new)

Discovered in Warsaw in the early 20th century, this is either a cultivar or hybrid of Tilia tomentosa, forming a fast growing hardy tree with a conical dense crown form and leaves green above and grey beneath. The very strongly scented cream-yellow flowers are seen in summer and cast their fragrance on the wind. Very tough and easy, making a large tree eventually

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Tilia amurensis from Korea (new)

A tree with a large distribution in the Far East and up to 35m tall in the wild. In this country one can expect a medium sized tree to about half that height. Some forms from the north end of the wild range are difficult to grow here, but this clone from Korea makes a healthy tree with a rounded crown, cordate foliage and heavily scented flowers in late summer.

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Tilia callidonta (new)

Particularly rare in cultivation and also in the wild, this collection was introduced from Sichuan. A tree to 20m in the wild with a broad crown where well lit, though maybe smaller in cultivation. The leaves are dark green above and covered below with a dense layer of greyish green tomentum.

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Tilia caroliniana subsp. heterophylla (syn. monticola) (new)

Very distinct from all other species in the white hairy backs to the huge foliage that emerge with a deep maroon tint, making a truly spectacular sight. From the Eastern USA and one of the finest limes in cultivation, but very rarely seen and for no good reason. Splendid specimens can be seen at the Sir Harold Hillier Gardens in Hampshire. Up to 20m or so.

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Tilia concinna (new)

A new species, only described in 2012, but found by Hers in China in 1919 and cultivated at Kew for 70 years. This is a tree to about 15m tall with a broad rounded crown and bold cordate foliage, green above and grey beneath. Close to both T. oliveri and T. miqueliana.

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Tilia dasystyla subsp. caucasica ex N. Iran (new)

A rare lime from the Caucasus and N. Iran with conspicuously bristle-toothed somewhat rounded foliage and very prominent long, pale bracts attached to the inflorescence of scented cream flowers, which make quite a feature around flowering time in summer. Makes a strong growing, healthy, medium sized tree in the UK. This is a Bob Cherry collection.

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Tilia dasystyla subsp. caucasica NJM 13.029 (new)

A rare lime from the Caucasus and N. Iran with conspicuously bristle-toothed somewhat rounded foliage and very prominent long, pale bracts attached to the inflorescence of scented cream flowers, which make quite a feature around flowering time in summer. Makes a strong growing healthy tree to about 20m in the UK. This collection from the Azerbaijan Caucasus.

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Tilia henryana 'Kerdalo' (new)

A great improvement on the usual form in the UK, growing comparatively strongly and upright to at least 10m, with a healthy, full, rounded crown. Very distinct and exceptionally beautiful foliage emerges softly hairy and carmine tinged, expanding to glossy green with very conspicuous bristle like teeth. Autumn flowering; sweetly scented. A Pan Global' introduction.

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Tilia japonica Large leaf form (new)

This material came from China, originally collected in Nanjing, where the mainland population of T. japonica occurs, and looks quite different from the smaller leaved forms of the Japanese type. A small to medium sized hardy tree with fairly broad heart shaped foliage. Masses of scented creamy white flowers in summer.

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Tilia x stellata

Tilia x stellata (new)

A lime from the Eastern USA with big, bold foliage; a natural hybrid of T. caroliniana subsp. heterophylla and T. americana. In this country it makes a medium sized tree, quite striking on account of its very large, luxuriant, coarsely toothed leaves. Hardy, easy, though rarely seen in the UK. Young vigorous plants bear huge foliage. Expect a tree to 20m eventually.

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Toxicodendron sp. (Rhus) (new)

Found at 2500m asl in Far Northern Burma this was a small tree with pinnate foliage and rich red autumn colour. Once part of Rhus, Toxicodendron was split off relatively recently, though some would still treat this as Rhus. Untried for hardiness as yet.

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Triadica sebifera (syn. Sapium sebiferum) (new)

The Chinese Tallow Tree is only suitable for the mildest areas in the British Isles, but the handsome broadly ovate or rounded, abruptly pointed foliage can turn to a brilliant red in autumn. Making a small tree with slender racemes of greenish yellow flowers. Very rarely seen in this country.

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Ulmus 'Frontier' (new)

A fine modern hybrid elm from the USA with a very good resistence to Dutch Elm Disease (rated 4 out of 5). Forming an upright, pyramidal crown to probably more than 10m tall, with glossy, relatively small foliage that turns, very unusually, to a rich burgundy in autumn. Very hardy and easy in the UK.

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Ulmus 'Regal' (new)

Very resistant to Dutch Elm Disease (rated 4 out of 5), this American raised hybrid elm makes a strong growing upright tree, of columnar form when young, less so in maturity. The canopy is not dense, as in many other elms, creating a light canopy and dappled shade. Foliage is narrowly elliptical, 5 to 10cm long. Hardy and easy.

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Ulmus bergmanniana (new)

A widespread Chinese elm, closely related to our native Wych Elm, but with a good moderate resistance to Dutch Elm Disease. There has been a tree at Kew since 1973, which still thrives to this day. Not a fast growing species, this forms a handsome broad crowned tree and has reached 10m at Kew so far. Extremely rare in cultivation.

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Ulmus chenmoui (new)

A newly available very cold hardy Chinese elm with a very high degree of resistance to Dutch Elm Disease, making a tree to 20m tall. Foliage is comparatively large, grey green and with deep red tints in autumn. The bark exfoliates in flakes.

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Ulmus davidiana var. davidiana (new)

A very hardy Eastern Asian elm resembling the American elm, U. americana, in all but ultimate size, reaching only 15m at maturity and forming a dense canopy. Leaves emerge dark-red, turning green and rough hairy. This has a good resistance to Dutch Elm Disease and even young specimens have been seen to recover from infection in the UK.

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Ulmus laevis (new)

One of the most disease resistant elms, due to its bark being highly distasteful to Elm bark beetles, and virtually never infected in Western Europe. It makes fine specimens in France, where the seed for these was collected and enjoys a moist to even rather wet soil, tolerating seasonal complete inundation with ease. A large vigorous tree, very rarely seen in the UK.

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Ulmus szechuanica (new)

A Chinese species, very rarely seen in cultivation, this forms a smallish tree with a spreading, umbrella-like crown, usually under 10m tall though can be taller. Found to show resistence to Dutch Elm Disease in American trials. Leaves obovate with a drawn out tip emerge dark red, becoming green.

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Ulmus villosa ex Kashmir (new)

From seed collected in Kupwara, Kashmir, this beautiful and distinctive elm is now offered for wider planting in cultivation. Very rarely seen this has a low susceptibility to Dutch Elm disease and a fine specimen grows at Kew, etc. It makes a large tree with semi-pendent branching and slightly grey green leaves that emerge with a red tint. The bark is almost cherry-like.

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Vaccinium cylindraceum (new)

From the Azores, yet fully hardy, this semi-evergreen species holds foliage until well into the New Year. Short racemes of very showy cylindrical flowers are borne on the branchlets in late summer and autumn; red in bud opening pale yellow-green, strongly tinged red, followed by bloomy blue-black berries. For lime free soil.

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Viburnum carlesii 'Charis' (new)

A well known spring flowering shrub of medium size, bearing deliciously sweetly scented flowers in tight clusters. In this extremely vigorous form the rounded flower heads have red buds and open pink, turning finally to white. Easy on any ordinary soil, in sun or semi-shade.

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Viburnum carlesii 'Diana' (new)

A well known spring flowering shrub of medium size, bearing deliciously sweetly scented flowers in tight clusters. In this form the rounded flower heads have red buds and open pink, and the new foliage is purple tinged. A slow growing compact form. Easy on any ordinary soil, in sun or semi-shade.

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Viburnum erubescens VdL 4122 (new)

A medium to large sized shrub with deciduous elliptic foliage and paniculate, pendent clusters (rather unusual in Viburnum) of fragrant white flowers tipped pink (in this rare clone), borne in summer. Fruit start red and turn black. Collected on the Milke Danda, Nepal. Any ordinary soil, but best sheltered in the coldest most exposed gardens.

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Viburnum harryanum (new)

A medium sized evergreen Chinese species of distinct appearance, having very small, rounded, dark green leaves, only 1 to 2cm long. White flowers borne in spring followed by shining black fruit. A useful, different and highly attractive textural shrub.

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Viburnum hoanglienense (new)

Officially described as recently as 2011, this new species was collected on Fan Si Pan Mt, N. Vietnam, where it grows at up to 3000m asl. A shrub to 2m in the wild, but shorter in cultivation, with densely hairy and conspicuously deeply veined foliage. Terminal cymes of cylindrical white flowers in July, followed by clusters of scarlet fruit.

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Viburnum mullaha KR 10609 (new)

A very unusual Himalayan to South East Asian species, forming a large shrub with ovate deciduous foliage 9 to 15cm long, with a deeply dentate upper half. Clusters of white flowers in May/June, followed by initially yellow then brilliant red berries. This collection from Arunachal Pradesh.

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Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Shoshoni' (new)

A smaller growing form selected in the USA and reaching about 2m max at maturity. The tiered arrangement of the branches smothered on their upper side with pure white lacecap heads of flower creates a classically beautiful effect. The ovate leaves turn to rich reddy purples in autumn. Easy on most soils.

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Viburnum propinquum var. propinquum Guiz 222 (new)

An unusually broad leaved and particularly attractive form of this unusual species from Guizhou, SW China. Foliage is broadly elliptic, deep glossy green, distinctly three veined in the style of Cinnamomum and evergreen, sitting on red tinted petioles and stems. A medium sized dense rounded shrub with slightly tiered branching, suited to a sheltered site.

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Xanthocyparis nootkatensis 'Green Arrow' (new)

One of those exceptional trees for form alone. Think of the form 'Pendula' with it's curtains of pendulous scale like foliage, but on a much narrower tree. Strongly upright with the pendulous branches held closer to the trunk, yet still splaying out here and there in a most attractive fashion. A very hardy Cupressus relative for most soils and positions.

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Xanthocyparis vietnamensis (new)

Discovered in only 1999 in N. Vietnam this distinctive small to medium sized conifer bears both juvenile and adult foliage even into maturity. Conical when young, becoming more irregular and even flat topped in maturity with horizontal branches. Not for the very coldest northern areas, but surprisingly hardy, even through winter 2010. A plant of great rarity.

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Zabelia triflora (syn. Abelia triflora) (new)

Dense clusters of sweetly scented white, tinged pink flowers borne in June on this large, upright, graceful, hardy, deciduous shrub from the NW Himalaya.

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Zanthoxylum ailanthoides (new)

A collection from Taiwan of this subtropical looking small tree. This has grown here for years, even through the intense cold of 2010. Forms a very distinctive wide spreading low crown up to about 7m tall, with long pinnate foliage, very large compared to other species. White flowers in autumn. The trunk is armed with pyramidal woody spines.

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Zanthoxylum armatum NJM 11.080 (new)

Found growing at the woodland edge in Central Guizhou, SW China this species of 'Sichuan pepper' formed shrubs to 2m tall with rather striking, comparatively large, heavily armed, shiny pinnate leaves. Red fruit clusters open to reveal shiny black seeds. Try this in a sheltered site, perhaps with wall protection, perhaps not. It's probably perfectly hardy.

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Zanthoxylum piperitum var. inerme (new)

The Japan Pepper is an obscure medium sized deciduous shrub closely related to Sichuan pepper. Used by the Japanese for culinary purposes, this form has far less in the way of spines. The pinnate leaves are very pretty with small leaflets. I love the wonderful fragrance emitted when brushed past or fondled and the red fruit clusters are attractive.

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Zelkova carpinifolia NJM 13.014 (new)

A Tertiary relic, surviving in the Caspian and Caucasian forests. Seed for these was found in southern Azerbaijan, where the species grows rather like a Fagus, very different from the clone long cultivated in the UK. Bark is mainly smooth pale-grey, and the elm-like leaves turn to gold and russet shades in autumn. A long lived large hardy tree for most positions.

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^ Back to top

Herbaceous & Bulbous

Acanthus spinosus Spinosissimus Group (new)

Exceptionally deeply divided and particularly spiny, rich green leaves on this most extreme expression of the species from the drier end of its wild range. Spires of soft mauve and white hooded flowers in summer if in full sun, but a splendid mound of textured foliage in any case. Height 120cm.

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Angelica brevicaulis (new)

From 3000m altitude in Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, there is no doubting the hardiness of this species! Making a short stout species in the wild with usually unbranched inflorescences reaching to 1m high, topped by broad distinctive umbels of white flowers. Foliage is composed of broad segments.

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Angelica hendersonii (new)

Found on the coast of Western North America this has branching stems to 1.5m or more, topped by splendid rounded umbels of creamy white flowers in summer. Foliage is relatively thick textured, woolly underneath, and the whole plant has the feel of a coastal species. Hardy and perennial.

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Aruncus 'Guinea Fowl' (new)

Ferny foliage and deep red stems set of the creamy-white flowers over a long period in summer. A dwarf form, reaching 45cm in flower. Tough and easy in sun or semi-shade.

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Aruncus 'Horatio' (new)

Introduced by the great German breeder Ernst Pagels, this cross between A. aethusifolius and A. dioicus makes a strong bushy clump of fine much divided foliage with red stems ending in branched, open, fingery spikes of cream fluffy flowers in summer. Height 120cm and nearly as much across. Tough and easy in sun or semi-shade.

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Asparagus filicinus NJM 12.024 (new)

A particularly handsome and relatively small growing species found in Manipur, NE India, with branched stems 50 to 70cm tall, arching over with the weight of the tiny, narrow, linear foliage. Black fruit in autumn. Untried for hardiness as yet, but probably pretty tough as a deciduous herbaceous, this would in any case make a very attractive pot plant for foliage effect.

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Asparagus filicinus PAB 13.457 (new)

A particularly handsome and relatively small growing species found in Nagaland, NE India, with branched stems 50 to 70cm tall, arching over with the weight of the tiny, narrow, linear foliage. Black fruit in autumn. Untried for hardiness as yet, but probably pretty tough as a deciduous herbaceous, this would in any case make a very attractive pot plant for foliage effect.

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Aster 'Primrose Path' (new)

Tough, drought tolerant, even in dry shade, Sprays of lilac flowers with maroon centres in late summer/autumn. Foliage gains red tints through the season. Height approx 50cm.

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Begonia fusca (new)

Originally collected in Chiapas, S. Mexico, this is a very large leaved species of monumental proportions, with leaves up to 1m across on petioles of the same length! Without warmth and tropical humidity they are a little smaller. Large panicles of pale pink flowers, then pink seed capsules. Splendid in a pot stood in shade in summer; brought inside in winter.

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Bergenia 'Bach' (new)

A very fine white flowered cultivar with huge heads of flower that start pale pink and open white on red tinged stalks. Broad evergreen foliage is red flushed in winter. 40cm. Excellent groundcover for sun or semi-shade.

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Cardiocrinum giganteum NJM 12.060 (new)

A new collection from an obscure locality, on the Burmese border of Manipur, NE India at c2000m asl. These will produce, when ready, a giant scape of deliciously scented, densely packed white to greenish-white lily flowers, stained purple in the throat, on stems 2 to 3m high. Cool, rich, humusy soil in part shade.

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Cardiocrinum giganteum var. yunnanense NJM 11.023 (new)

A new collection from Guizhou, SW China, very near Fanjingshan, where an exceptional form was once found. These should hopefully be as good, producing, when ready, a giant scape of deliciously scented, densely packed creamy-white lily flowers, stained purple in the throat, and contrasting flower stems stained almost black to about 2m high. Cool, rich, humusy soil in part shade.

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Cautleya gracilis from Manipur (new)

This small ginger relative, with red and yellow flower spikes in late summer, was found in Manipur on Shirui Peak at 2500m alt. A more delicate looking species than C. spicata, reaching about 60cm. Rich soil, sun/semi-shade

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Cautleya gracilis var. robusta 'Tenzing's Gold' (new)

A fine form of this hardy ginger relative with more flowers per stem, usually between 15 and 20. Rich yellow flowers from red tinted bracts in late summer on stems to 50cm. The leaves have most attractive deep-red undersides. Enjoys a semi-shade position in good free draining soil that doesn't get too dry. Mulch over in winter if you live on Ben Nevis, but otherwise hardy if not waterlogged in winter.

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Cautleya spicata 'Crug Canary' (new)

A selection of this very exotic looking, but hardy ginger relative with striking flower spikes in August, borne atop clumps of luscious foliage to about 70cm. Richest orangey-yellow Roscoea like flowers emerge from deep blood-red bracts. Rich soil in semi-shade.

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Centaurea jacea (new)

A native of Europe, including the British Isles, often found in dry meadows and open woodland. Purple-pink knapweed flowers open flat from cones of bronze scales in the height of summer. Makes good clumps of lance shaped foliage, flowering at approx 70cm tall. Beloved of our native insects, this is great for a wild look.

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Chlorophytum nepalense (new)

A collection from the mountains of Nagaland, NE India, this deciduous 'Spider Plant' relative has proved itself completely hardy at Edinburgh Botanic Garden. Retreating underground in winter, this makes a tight clump of linear bright green basal foliage and branched stems to about 60cm tall bearing a continuation of white star like flowers in summer

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Convallaria majalis 'Fortin's giant' (new)

Larger in all its parts than normal lily of the valley, the extra large little white bells emitting the same fabulous fragrance in late spring. For sun or semi shade, in any well drained soil.

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Crocosmia 'Saracen' (new)

A shortish dark leaved variety with foliage washed with brown. Fairly large deep red flowers on stems to only 55cm, July-Sept.

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Crocosmia pottsii (new)

Orange-red flowers on wiry, arching stems to 75cm in late summer. For a sunny site in moist soils.

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Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora 'Babylon' (new)

One of the finer larger flowered forms with blooms of an intanse red orange in late summer on stems to approx 75cm high. For a sunny site, though still flowering well in semi-shade.

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Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora 'Zeal Tan' (new)

A short form to about 50cm with intense, deep orange-red flowers later than most, in Aug/Sept.

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Cryptotaenia japonica f. atropurpurea (new)

Purple Mitsuba. A delicious Oriental salad leaf and good for shade. The attractive maroon leaves are used raw in salads and the roots can be blanched and sautéed in oil. More than that, it is an attractive umbel for the garden, reaching 1m high with pinkish gypsophila like flowers.

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Dipsacus asper (new)

A tall Asian perennial teasel with rounded heads of white to yellowish flowers on leafy stems to 2m. An important plant in Tradition Chinese herbal medicine and also recently tested for use against Alzheimer's disease. A collection from Guizhou, SW China.

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Disporum aff. longistylum NJM 11.011 (new)

A collection from Leigongshan, Guizhou, SW China at about 2000m asl. This formed a well branched perennial to about 1m. Flowers not seen as yet, but probably pale greenish yellow. For semi-shade and humusy soil.

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Disporum cantoniense 'Blueberry Bere' (new)

A unique new colour form we found at altitude in Manipur, NE India, bearing plenty of lilac bell-like flowers on vigorous upright stems in late spring, followed by black berries. For humus rich soil in semi-shade

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Disporum megalanthum (new)

Glossy, broad, well veined foliage on arching stems ending in white open mouthed bells at 30cm in late spring/early summer, extending to 60cm in blue-black fruit late in the season. Hardy, for shade/semi-shade and woodsy soil.

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Dracunculus canariensis (new)

Quite the opposite of the stinking D. vulgaris, this white flowered elegant beauty from the Canary Isles is generally smaller to about 1m tall. The slim white spathes with a pale yellow spadix inside are borne above the divided green foliage in spring to early summer. A winter growing species, dormant in summer, therefore needing cool glasshouse conditions. Rarely offered.

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Elsholtzia flava PAB 13.012 (new)

A collection from the Japfü massif, Nagaland, NE India, at 1830m asl. This species has broad sumptuous foliage that emerges deep purple and holds this colour for a while, especially at the extremities of the leaves. Terminal heads of small warm-yellow flowers in late autumn. Height approx 1.5m. Mulch over the base in winter to be safe.

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Epimedium 'Domino' (new)

One of the finest of not only the modern hybrids, but of all Epimedium. Huge amounts of soft-red centred white flowers are produced on a multitude of burgundy stalks in spring to a height of 60cm, over a wide mound of elongated foliage that emerges heavily speckled with maroon. Superb.

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Epimedium 'Pink Champagne' (new)

One of the finest of the new wave of hybrids, raised by Darrel Probst in the USA. This bears a mass of pale-pink, raspberry-red centred flowers on inflorescences up to nearly 40cm long in April. Combining with the flowers is the heavily maroon-speckled new foliage, which expands to be long tapered and evergreen. For humus rich soil in semi-shade

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Epimedium 'Red Maximum' (new)

A new hybrid from Belgium, a cross between E. grandiflorum 'Freya' and E. membranaceum. Dark burgundy flowers to 35cm high in spring and evergreen foliage emerging with nice tints. For humus rich soil in semi-shade.

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Epimedium 'The Giant' (new)

No truer word was said. Discovered and introduced by Darrell Probst in 2001 from Chongqing and initially sold for $500 a piece, this is like no other Epimedium. Close to E. wushanense, but with vast panicles of soft-yellow, amber centred flowers from 1 to 1.8m tall, seen over a few months from spring!! This needs a little light staking or to be grown up between low shrubs for support.

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Epimedium acuminatum 'Night Mistress' (new)

A more compact selection with slightly darker purple and white spurred flowers in spring over heavily purple-red mottled new foliage. Height to 30cm. Partial shade and humus rich soil. Bulks up well. Found by Darrell Probst near Nanchuan, Chongqing, China.

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Epimedium acuminatum Yellow flowered (new)

White and yellow flowers in spring over mottled new foliage. Height to 30cm. Partial shade and humus rich soil.

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Epimedium dolichostemon Og 81.010 (new)

Masses of small white flowers with red centres over superbly red mottled and strikingly shaped new foliage in spring. Humus rich soil in shade, not dry in summer. Height 30cm. A Mikinori Ogisu collection from Sichuan.

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Epimedium grandiflorum 'Red Beauty' (new)

A deciduous species with new foliage expanding reddish-bronze before the rich purple-red flowers rise above in spring. For lime-free soil in shade and humusy soil. Height 25cm

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Epimedium mikinorii CC 990001 (new)

Pinky-purple flowers in April on this rare form of a rarely seen species, named after Mikinori Ogisu, but this form collected by Darrel Probst. The new foliage is particularly well coloured, turning green and then persistent in most winters. Height 30-40cm. For humus rich soil in semi-shade.

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Epimedium rhizomatosum Og 92.114 (new)

Particularly spidery pale yellow flowers in spring over evergreen foliage. A spreading plant with a height to 45cm, covering a good patch over time. Humus rich soil in light shade. The type collection from 2040m alt, Leibo Xian, Selenggong, Sichuan, China.

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Epimedium sagittatum 'Warlord' (new)

A spectacular foliage plant on account of the striking obliquely arrow-shaped, exceptionally large leaflets and especially in the colour of new growth in this form, being very heavily speckled in rich maroon and narrower than typical . A rarely seen or available Chinese species with tiny white and yellow flowers, but in heads of 50 or more in spring. 45cm. Semi-shade and humus.

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Epimedium wushanense 'Spiny Leaved' CC 014631 (new)

Cream-white flowers with soft yellow centres in April-May on unusual and distinctively congested panicles up to 40cm tall over a large mound of foliage with strikingly spiny and undulate margins; each leaflet up to 15cm long emerges heavily red mottled. A Darrel Probst introduction from China and very different to clones like 'Caramel'.

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Epimedium wushanense Og 93.019 (new)

Big spidery soft yellow flowers in huge quantities, on very tall stems to 80cm when established. Excellent evergreen leaves, composed of long narrow leaflets, making a comparatively huge mound. Humus rich soil in light shade.

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Epimedium zhushanense (new)

A splendid richly coloured species from China, with a very restricted wild distribution, being found only in Zhushan, Hubei Province. Flowers are composed of dark purple spurs backed by paler, mauvey-pink sepals, seen in spring. Handsome evergreen spiny foliage is distinct from most others in having simple leaves (i.e. not leaflets). For humusy soil in shade, not too dry.

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Eryngium 'Pen Blue' (new)

Similar to though apparently not quite an E. x zabelii, the flower heads are composed of large, branched, spiny ruffs, surrounding the central cone of flowers, all in an intense deep blue on flowering stems of violet-blue. Height 60cm. Any well drained soil in sun.

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Eryngium yuccifolium 'Kershaw Blue' (new)

A form of this Eastern North American species found by Tony Avent in S. Carolina. The 5cm wide spine edged foliage is an exceptional powder blue, a joy in itself. Branched umbels of thimble-like cream flower heads to 1.3m in summer.

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Eupatorium maculatum 'Red Dwarf' (new)

A lower growing form of this normally rather large American, reaching to approx 1.3m tall. Black-purple stems are topped by domed heads of lavender pink flowers from darker buds from July to October. For good soil, not too bone dry, in sun or semi-shade.

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Ferula communis 'Cretan Giant' (new)

A huge form from Crete to 3m tall with particularly well branched flowering stems and huge mounds of very finely divided, feathery green foliage. Fat rounded umbels of yellow flowers on those great tall stems in summer. Full sun. Summer dormant.

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Ferula communis subsp. glauca NJM 13.001

Ferula communis subsp. glauca NJM 13.001 (new)

A greyer-green variant of this truly impressive giant perennial umbel from the Mediterranean with violet bloomed flower stems, forming big mounds of fine feathery grey-green foliage, and after a few years sending up a 3m stem topped with fat balls of yellow flowers. Full sun to slight shade. Summer dormant and fully hardy.

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Galega orientalis PAB 6771 (new)

Upright spikes of lovely indigo blue pea flowers in summer over pale green pinnate leaves. Height 1.2m. Sunny position. Spreads. This collection from Bakuriani, Georgia.

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Gladiolus 'Dark Ruby' (new)

A hybrid of the very hardy G. papilio. The hooded, nodding flowers are very dark red with darker interior markings and the foliage is glaucous. Flowering late summer at about 1m. Quite different from the usual top heavy gaudy things. Not too dry in the growing season please. A darker flowered seedling, very similar to 'Ruby'

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Globularia cordifolia RCB UA-30 (new)

Gathered from the Crimea. A dwarf evergreen mat-forming perennial for a well drained sunny position. The buttons of blue flowers rise to 12cm. Hardy

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Impatiens qingchengshanica 'Emei Dawn' (new)

Selected from a collection by Dan Hinkley in Sichuan, China this relatively low growing species bears a multitude of goodly sized softest pink flowers in autumn over green foliage. A very hardy species, the rhizomes surviving underground over winter. For shade and reasonable moisture.

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Jeffersonia diphylla (new)

The Twinleaf from the Eastern USA inhabits the woodland floor and bears, in spring, pure white rounded flowers that rather resemble the Bloodroot, Sanguinaria. The foliage is splendid and distinctly bilobed, being divided almost in half, hence the common name. For leafy soil in semi-shade, not too dry

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Jeffersonia dubia (new)

Asian Twinleaf. A dwarf woodlander from the Far East with lavender-blue rounded flowers in spring, just before splendid, distinctly bi-lobed leaves emerge with a subtle red tint. For leafy soil in semi-shade, not too dry

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Kirengeshoma palmata Koreana Group

Kirengeshoma palmata Koreana Group (new)

More erect and taller than the typical form with wider flared flowers. Lovely soft yellow, fleshy flowers in autumn, smart, lobed foliage on dark stems. Height 1.5m. Good, preferably humusy soil in shade or sun, not too dry in summer. This is lime tolerant even though the books say it isn't.

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Kniphofia ichopensis

Kniphofia ichopensis (new)

A rare species Poker from South Africa with individual flowers well spaced on the spike, spreading, then strongly pendulous, in this selection from wild seed an unusual caramel colour, on stems to about 90cm in summer. An elegant and rarely seen species. Sun, not too dry.

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Kniphofia pauciflora (new)

A dwarf South African species, now thought to be extinct in the wild. Short pokers of rich yellow from variably warm orange buds en masse in late spring/early summer and then sporadic flowers throughout the summer if happy, i.e. not bone dry and half starved. Height 45cm.

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Kniphofia thomsonii var. thomsonii (new)

Distinctive slender pokers of widely spaced, gently pendulous, soft orange flowers in summer and autumn. Repeat flowers. Height 1m. Sun.

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Ligusticum scoticum (new)

Scotch Lovage. A native of NW Europe and NE America at higher latitudes, often near coasts and even on cliff tops, this tough perennial bears umbels of white flowers on dark stalks over broadly segmented thick textured glossy foliage in mid to late summer and reaches about 60cm in flower. All parts apart from the flowers are used culinarily.

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Lilium formosanum var. pricei (new)

An elegant species endemic to Taiwan with very narrow linear foliage and beautiful trumpet shaped flowers, pure white in the face, but striped purple on the reverse, seen in summer. To 45cm tall, for neutral to acid soil.

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Lilium mackliniae PAB 9327 (new)

A recent reintroduction from Manipur of the fabled 'Manipur lily', originally found by Kingdon-Ward on Mt Sirhoi, Manipur and named after his wife, this is a very beautiful species with stems up to about 50cm in cultivation, bearing pale white-pink bell like flowers, flushed a little darker. For a cool position in humusy soil.

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Lysimachia paridiformis var. paridiformis NJM 11.067 (new)

A new introduction (the first?) of the typical variety of this most handsome of ground cover perennials, from Guizhou, SW China, 2011. Four broadly obovate to elliptic leaflets per rosette with a boss of rich yellow flowers at their centres, on low stems to 30cm. Shade. Very different from the var. stenophylla, looking like a Paris out of flower.

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Macleaya cordata NJM 11.002 (new)

Plume Poppy. A 2011 collection from Guizhou, SW China, this was very attractive in seed when we found it at the side of the road; the tall branched heads covered in coral coloured seed capsules. A tall suckering perennial with very handsome grey-green well lobed foliage on glaucous bloomed stems, topped by large plumes of small white flowers.

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Melianthus comosus (new)

One of the hardiest Melianthus species, being generally found in the drier inland areas of South Africa, though perfectly amenable to cultivation in the UK, if not too desperately cold. The grey pinnate heavily serrated foliage is smaller than that of M. major and hairy. Clusters of red flowers with black nectar in summer, followed by inflated pods. Sun and well drained soil. 1.8m.

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Oenanthe pimpinelloides (new)

Sometimes cultivated for the edible rounded tuberous roots, which taste of hazelnuts. These are great stir-fried in sesame oil. A perennial to about 80cm tall with umbels of white flowers in summer and finely divided foliage that emerges in winter. Previously sold as Bunium (which is completely confused in UK cultivation).

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Opopanax chironium PAB 872 (new)

The Hercules all-heal or Sweet Myrrh from the Mediterranean makes a bold hardy perennial umbellifer with branched stems to about 1.8m high, bearing rounded heads of yellow flowers in June/July over a mound of bold attractive pinnate foliage with serrated leaflets. Summer dormant. This collection was from the Vigos Gorge, N. Greece.

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Paris incompleta (new)

Allied to our native P. quadrifolia, but an all round better garden plant, being stouter and more vigorous and having wider leaves in whorls of 7 to 11 leaflets, centred by larger yellow-green flowers on stalks above the leaves. Slow to establish, but with gently creeping rhizomes, this is best in woodsy humus rich soil in shade. From The Caucasus, Armenia and Turkey.

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Pimpinella tripartita PAB 7261 (new)

Collected in Georgia, this pretty little umbel reaches about 60cm tall, though can be a little larger, and thrives in dry shade or full sun. Even better than that it flowers twice a year if happy, in May and September. Rounded, lobed and serrated foliage and wiry stems topped by airy, dainty white umbels. Perennial, but self seeds easily. Good for naturalising.

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Plectranthus effusus var. longitubus (new)

Formerly Rabdosia, this Japanese woodlander reaches its peak in autumn when long tubed lilac flowers are formed en-masse in airy inflorescences at the top of 90cm stems. For shade or semi-shade. Hardy.

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Pleione Tolima gx 'Moorhen' (new)

A beautiful easy little orchid with comparatively big shocking magenta flowers with red spotted throats in late winter before the leaves emerge. Overwinter dry-ish in a cold glasshouse or cool windowsill, place outside for the summer and keep moist. Clumps up very quickly to form potfuls. Height 10cm.

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Podophyllum 'Spotty Dotty' (new)

Large parasols of foliage with lobed margins, heavily spotted and marked with dark brown dots, especially on emergence. Fairly large dark-red flowers hang under the foliage in May and June. A superb foliage plant for shade or semi-shade in woodsy, not too dry soil. Protect from slugs and snails as the plant emerges in spring. Height 45cm.

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Podophyllum pleianthum (new)

Particularly striking, potentially very large flattish topped slightly glossy green foliage with variably lobed margins and ciliate margins (very finely toothed). The leaf stalks combine as flower stems and the fat clusters of deepest red rounded flowers appear beneath the leaves, necessitating investigation. To 60cm tall or more, for humus rich soil in shade. Marvellous.

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Polygonatum odoratum 'Dusky Bere' (new)

A form of Solomon's Seal with a subtle dusky brownish-purple wash to the new foliage in spring and the usual white flowers in late spring. Lower growing than 'Betberg'. Clumps up well in good soil, light shade.

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Polygonatum odoratum 'Georgia' PAB 8345 (new)

A short (30cm) Solomon's Seal found in Georgia with white flowers in early summer. Clumps up well in good soil in light shade.

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Polygonatum verticillatum

Polygonatum verticillatum (new)

An unusual Solomon's Seal with little lilac-white bells in early summer, dangling from the arching stems, clad in very narrow foliage. This is a tall form. Height 1.5m. Reasonable soil in shade.

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Polygonatum yunnanense (new)

Clumps or arching stems to 30cm with glossy green, prominently veined foliage and dangling clusters of green tinted cream flowers from the axils of each leaf. Previously regarded a synonym of P. nodosum, this has recently been shown to be incorrect. Shade and humus.

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Rheum 'Great Bere' (new)

A giant form of uncertain parentage, forming massive plants with huge foliage and soaring vertical inflorescences up to nearly 4m tall! A huge statement plant for soil that doesn't dry too much in sun or semi-shade. Hardy.

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Rheum alexandrae KGB 767 (new)

The finest form of this fabulous species introduced thus far, with relatively sizable thick textured foliage and splendid inflorescences composed of larger than usually seen palest yellow down turned bracts, that protect the flowers from the harshness of its native environs. Some forms have rather pathetic inflorescences; these are the opposite. A good doer in moist soil.

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Rheum palmatum 'Red Herald' (new)

A large ornamental rhubarb with giant, jaggedly lobed foliage that emerges red and turns green with red undersides. Strikingly red flowers in a branched head to 2m in May-June. For any reasonable soil, not too dry.

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Rohdea japonica 'Talbot Manor' (new)

An asparagus relative, though you wouldn't readily know it, with a tropical look. Broad evergreen leathery leaves, irregularly striped and margined with cream. Flowers are fascinating but irrelevant and borne at the very base of the plant. Best in shade where it will be very drought tolerant.

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Salvia dombeyi (new)

The longest flowered Salvia in the world (up to 11cm!), this tall growing species from S. Peru and N. Bolivia is not known in the wild. Elongated heart shaped foliage is up to 18cm long and plants reach 1.8 to 2.5m. The huge lax clusters of vertically dangling intense scarlet hairy flowers from red-black calyces are borne continuously from summer to winter. Happiest moist and cool with no frost.

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Salvia guaranitica Small form (new)

A lower growing form, making a broad, rounded clump of fairly shiny vivid green foliage, topped by rich blue flowers from very dark calyces from late summer. Height under 1m. Mulch over the base of this perennial South American species if you are concerned about cold; it is nearly fully hardy.

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Salvia stachydifolia Dark blue calyx (new)

A highly variable species, this Argentinean beauty has proved hardy in the UK. A large plant, up to 2.5m tall by 1.8m across in one season, this comes into its own in late summer autumn, when the deep blue flowers from dark calyces are borne in great profusion.

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Salvia stachydifolia Lavender calyx (new)

A highly variable species, this Argentinean beauty has proved hardy in the UK. A large plant, up to 2.5m tall by 1.8m across in one season, this comes into its own in late summer autumn, when the blue flowers from lavender calyces are borne in great profusion.

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Salvia uliginosa 'Ballon Azul'

Salvia uliginosa 'Ballon Azul' (new)

A lower growing selection from Germany, reaching 1m only. Dazzling azure blue flowers in late summer and autumn on upright slender stems. Warm, sunny position and not too dry soil. Mulch in winter if you are very cold.

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Salvia x jamensis 'Peter Vidgeon' (new)

Bright lavender-pink flowers from dark calyces over a very long period in summer-autumn (i.e. June to November). A twiggy bush to 1m. Fairly hardy, given sun and drainage.

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Sanguisorba caucasica (new)

Good pale grey-green foliage and drooping white catkins of flower in mid to late summer on stems to 90cm. Hardy and easy in sun or semi-shade and not overly dry soil.

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Selinum aff. cryptotaenium PAB 8948 (new)

From the mountains of Eastern Manipur, this is a fairly small umbellifer, reaching about 50cm in flower in the wild state. Flat heads of white flower over finely dissected foliage. Sun, but not too dry. Hardiness as yet untested.

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Selinum wallichianum PAB 8969 (new)

A recent collection of a tall growing form from 2700m asl on the Burmese border of Manipur. Flat, white, cow parsley-like flower-heads in summer over gloriously finely cut leaves. The foliage a joy in itself. One of the finest umbellifers, but one that is difficult to keep looking good in a pot on a nursery, darn it! Height 120cm. Sun, but not too dry.

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Smallanthus sonchifolia 'Red China' (new)

Yakon. A big leafy Andean member of the Aster family, producing striking pairs of opposite, dark tinted foliage up the 2m stems. Large leaves are shaped roughly like an arrowhead, with striking veining and a winged petiole, adding an exotic element to any planting. Purple tubers are sweet and edible having an extremely low glycaemic index and are easy to juice. Lift like a Dahlia for winter.

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Succisa pratensis (new)

Devil's bit scabious. A UK native of damp grassland with domed deep lavender scabious flowers seen in late summer/autumn. It is tolerant of drier sites however and can be used in any reasonable soil in sun or semi-shade. Height 40cm. The food plant of the Marsh Fritillary butterfly and the Narrow-bordered Bee Hawk-moth. Also good for bees, hoverflies and other butterflies.

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Succisella inflexa (new)

Pale lavender, rounded, but otherwise scabious-like flower-heads on 60cm branched stems rise clear of the narrow foliage from June to Sept. Appreciates reasonable soil that doesn't dry excessively. Hardy. Sun.

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Succisella inflexa 'Frosted Pearls' (new)

On branched stems, from June to Sept, pinkish buds open to globose white flower heads with a palest lavender tinge. 60cm stems rise clear of the foliage. Appreciates reasonable soil that doesn't dry excessively.

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Swertia bimaculata PAB 8845 (new)

Collected in Guizhou, SW China, this gentian relative from the Eastern Himalaya to China makes an easy annual or biennial from 30cm to 1m high. Masses of white flowers with dark purple and yellow green spotting in summer. Rarely offered.

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Symphytum cordatum (new)

An unusual comfrey from E. Europe, this Carpathian endemic species has different and splendid broad heart shaped foliage and clusters of primrose-yellow flowers in spring. A creeping, relatively low growing species, found in light woodland in nature.

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Tradescantia crassifolia F&M 258 (new)

Collected in the Sierra de Pachuca, Mexico, this is an exceptional species, for its foliage alone. Shining, succulent green leaves are translucent as far as the lower leaf surface, producing a hologram-like effect. Pink flowers are produced over a fairly long period in summer. A tuberous species with potential hardiness, dying back completely in winter, though easy in a pot overwintered under glass.

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Tulbaghia 'Cariad' (new)

A relatively new hybrid of relatively short stature with sweetly scented flowers both day and night. The foliage is rather narrow and lies down fairly quickly, allowing the 20cm scapes to show of the flowers well, which are palest pink with a brownish-orange central corona. Deciduous and therefore probably quite hardy. For sun and well drained soil.

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Tulbaghia 'Moshoeshoe' (new)

Selected from seedlings in 2003, this evening scented hybrid flowers from May till October with sweetly scented lavender coloured flowers with muddy orange centres on stems to 30cm. For sun and well drained soil.

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Valeriana montana PAB 7654 (new)

From the Apuseni Mountains of Romania, this is a fairly dwarf species reaching only 50cm high, with white, pink or lilac flowers in summer. Hardy, tough, for sun or semi-shade.

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Veronicastrum virginicum 'Fascination' (new)

A striking late summer perennial of upright form, bearing multiple slim long spikes of violet-blue flowers July to Sept on strong stems to 1.2m. Foliage is arranged attractively in whorls up the stems. Sun or semi-shade.

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Zantedeschia albomaculata (new)

An elegant smaller species from marshy spots on the mountainsides of the summer rainfall area of Eastern South Africa. The arrow shaped leaves are heavily spotted with white and the flower spathes are cream, blotched purple at their bases, and seen in mid to late summer. Although hardy, this appreciates a long growing season to flower well. 60cm.

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Zingiber mioga 'Dancing Crane' (new)

Bold white markings on the leaves of this variegated form of the hardy Japanese edible ginger known as Mioga. This woodlander sends stems of luscious foliage to 60cm and in autumn small, orchid-like, pale yellow flowers are seen at ground level. For good humusy soil in semi-shade.

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Zingiber mioga 'White Feather' (new)

Subtle white feathering on the leaves of this variegated form of the hardy Japanese edible ginger known as Mioga. This woodlander sends stems of luscious foliage to 60cm and in autumn small, orchid-like, pale yellow flowers are seen at ground level. For good humusy soil in semi-shade.

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Grasses

Chionochloa flavicans (new)

Often confused with the slightly inferior C. flavescens, this evergreen species from New Zealand is slightly smaller. Forming a graceful tussock of vivid green foliage with arching flower stalks ending in nodding inflorescences above the foliage, the remains of which last well through winter. Suited to a wide range of soil types and drought tolerant. Height 90cm.

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Hakonechloa macra 'Albovariegata' (new)

Heavily striped white and green arching foliage forms rounded mounds 60cm high, composed of elegantly long-tapering blades. Sun or part shade, not too dry. Deciduous.

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Miscanthus transmorrisonensis (new)

From the high mountains of Taiwan this is a virtually evergreen species in our climate with elegant narrow arching foliage reaching 90cm high on an upright clump. Flowering stems rise clear of the foliage to about 2m, topped by arching pinky-white plumes of flower early in the Miscanthus season in July-Aug. Sun or semi-shade. Hardy.

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Stipa tirsa (new)

Horsetail Feather Grass. From Europe and Temperate Asia, this is a drought tolerant, hardy and highly attractive fine textured grass. Reaching 60cm in flower, the silvery-cream inflorescences dance in the wind. Sun and well drained soil.

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Ferns

Acystopteris taiwaniana (new)

A particularly rare fern from the mountains of Taiwan, producing very finely divided light green tripinnate deciduous fronds to 30cm tall from a gently running rootstock. This should have a good hardiness and is suited to friable humus rich soil in shade

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Anemia mexicana (new)

A most unusual fern, from Mexico believe it or not. Known as the Flowering fern for some reason, probably because the totally green fertile fronds rise vertically through the pinnatifid, evergreen, sterile fronds in a somewhat flowery way, though they don't look remotely like flowers, per se. I've seen this in NE Mexico on well drained rather dry sites.

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Arachniodes davalliaeformis (new)

From the Southern Japanese islands comes this unusual species with very thick textured, though lacy, dark green fronds to 60cm tall. These are seemingly made of plastic and quite stiffly held, offering a most unusual look in the shade garden. For a sheltered and semi-shaded position in leafy soil, not too wet. Should be hardy across most of the UK.

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Arachniodes standishii (new)

The 'upside-down fern' from Japan and Korea has semi-evergreen, tripinnate, ovate, pale green fronds rather different from most in the genus, which reach up to 90cm. It also has the rather funky appearance of the fronds being upside down, which they are, of course, not. An unusual but hardy and easy fern for a humid semi-shade position in leafy soil.

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Athyrium filix-femina 'Dre's Dagger' (new)

A sport from the famous 'Victoriae' and resembling it in many ways, this has the fronds reduced to very narrow pinnae, held at a sharp angle to the rachis and usually criss-crossing each other in a three dimensional X; each frond and each pinnae ending with a crested tip. A much dwarfer form, to about 45cm. Easy in leafy shade to semi-shade.

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Blechnum brasiliense 'Volcano' (new)

A not too hardy but extremely handsome species from Brasil and Peru forming evergreen fronds to 75cm long, composed of very many narrow linear pinnae. The piece de resistance however is the colour of the new fronds, which emerge red. For pot culture, brought under cover in winter, where it should survive just a few degrees of frost.

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Cyrtomium devexiscapulae (new)

An unusual Holly fern with a wide range in Eastern Asia, but as yet rarely planted here. Up to 80cm high with glossy, leathery dark green fronds composed of long pointed well spaced pinnae (leaflets) in up to 10 pairs per frond. Suitable for a sheltered, shaded, humusy position in most areas. A good bold contrast to finer textured ferns etc.

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Doodia aspera 'Rough Ruby' (new)

Noted for its rough textured fronds that emerge pink-red, this Antipodean species produces said fronds from 15 to 45cm tall and enjoys a warm well drained position. From a gently spreading rootstock this forms patches. Best in the warmer parts of the UK and deciduous if grown outside here.

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Dryopteris erythrosora from Guizhou (new)

Collections from Guizhou, China with particularly good dark stipes (frond stalks). One of the finest garden ferns, being tough, vigorous, evergreen and colourful. New fronds emerge red-pink in spring, turning bronze then glossy-green, with the sori underneath bright red. Bi-pinnate, triangular fronds reach about 60cm high. Any reasonable soil in semi-shade.

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Leucostegia immersa PAB 7836 (new)

A low growing, spreading, deciduous fern collected on Shillong Peak, Meghalaya, NE India. Graceful, highly divided deltoid fronds to only 30cm emerge with a pink tinge. Remarkably hardy so far, but of course it hides from cold with underground rhizomes. Shade.

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Microlepia strigosa (new)

Highly attractive and most unusual in the UK the 'Lace Fern' has downy light green fronds to 90cm tall. Evergreen in mild gardens, this will be deciduous for many, where it should be perfectly hardy. This has a broad distribution in the wild, from the Himalayas, Asia, Japan, etc. For a shaded, preferably sheltered site.

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Microlepia strigosa 'MacFaddeniae' (new)

Originating in a California garden, this highly ornamental form of the Asian 'Lace Fern' has fronds along the same lines of the Tatting fern, Athyrium filix-femina 'Frizelliae', though longer and potentially evergreen. Evergreen in mild gardens, this will be deciduous for many, where it should be perfectly hardy. For a shaded, preferably sheltered site.

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Phymatosorus diversifolius (new)

From Australia and New Zealand this Polypodium relative is sometimes found as an epiphyte on imported tree fern trunks. Can form impressive colonies as a climbing plant on trees, banks or walls in mild areas, even up to 5m off the ground. Glossy evergreen fronds are either simple, as juveniles, or pinnatifid, as adult. Not tried outside here yet but fine in an unheated polytunnel.

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Polypodium scouleri (new)

A most unusual species with thick textured, leathery, shiny, dark-green fronds. Forms a good clump in time with a height of about 30cm. Rarely seen but perfectly hardy in inland UK and excellent in maritime areas, as it is in the wild state on the very coastal fringe of N. America from B.C. to Baja. For a shaded site.

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Polystichum biaristatum (new)

Ranging from N. India to Taiwan, this evergreen species is particularly rarely seen in cultivation. Rather elegant fronds are held on narrow upright stipes and range from 70 to 90cm in length. Hardiness unknown.

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Polystichum setiferum 'Cristatopinnulum'

Polystichum setiferum 'Cristatopinnulum' (new)

A very old form of our native Soft shield fern found in Dorset in 1878. The tough but feathery, heavily divided fronds have little fan shaped pinnules and reach up to 90cm high. Rarely offered.

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Polystichum xiphophyllum (new)

Not often seen in cultivation, yet easily grown in acid or alkaline conditions, this hardy evergreen fern from India, China and Taiwan bears glossy, lance shaped, hard textured fronds on a plant 30 to 45cm tall. The silvery green patina to the fronds is distinctive and attractive. For a semi-shaded position in humusy soil.

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Pteris umbrosa (new)

Similar in general appearance, but larger and more elegant than Pteris cretica, this rarely seen evergreen fern from E. Australia has spreading fronds, the pinnae (leaflets) very slim and long. Usually grown as a pot plant overwintered under cover, this actually has a fair degree of hardiness and experimentation could be undertaken in sheltered well drained spots.

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Woodwardia unigemmata (new)

One of the very finest ferns of all for UK gardens, this magnificent beast from the Himalaya to Japan bears evergreen fronds up to 2m long, which emerge bright copper-red, turning deep green. They start fairly erect, eventually becoming horizontal under their own weight, unless grown on a bank, as often in nature, where they will cascade downwards. Hardy.

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Climbers

Actinidia arguta 'Ananasnaya' (new)

A Russian form developed under Stalin, but virtually unheard of in the UK. This vigorous climber, closely related to Kiwi fruit, bears large crops of fragrant, tangy, pineapple flavoured, grape-like fruit in autumn. With thin smooth skins there is no need to peel them, unlike kiwi fruit. Very hardy and best in a sunny spot in the UK. Needs a mate like 'Issai' for pollination.

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Actinidia arguta 'Issai' (new)

This vigorous deciduous climber, closely related to Kiwi fruit, bears large crops of fragrant, tangy, pineapple flavoured, grape-like fruit in autumn. With thin smooth green skins there is no need to peel them, unlike kiwi fruit. Very hardy and best in a sunny spot in the UK, this form is self pollinating and needs no mate.

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Bomarea acutifolia F&M 104

Bomarea acutifolia F&M 104 (new)

This was found at 2600m on Pico de Orizaba, Mexico. A climbing Alstroemeria relative with terminal clusters of narrow, tubular, bright orange flowers with paler, dark spotted interiors on herbaceous twining stems, reaching 2m + high with suitable support. Very showy scarlet seeds. Best in humus rich soil in sun/semi-shade, mulched over for winter.

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Clematis aff. tongluensis (new)

From 2900m in Kachin State, Far NW Burma. A rarely seen Himalayan species of restricted distribution, this relatively small growing species has C. montana-like foliage. Distinctly long stalked white flowers with elegant lanceolate petals and contrasting purple tipped stamen are seen from June to October. Demanding of a cool root run; never too dry.

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Clematis orientalis from Kyrgyzstan (new)

Rather different to what you know in cultivation as this species, these have very blue-grey, very narrowly dissected foliage from this area and light yellow flowers. Extremely hardy and as easy as ever in sun or part shade.

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Holboellia latifolia var. angustifolia (new)

A fine and distinct form of this twining evergreen climber from the Himalaya with up to seven very narrow leaflets up to 15cm long and 2cm wide. Fragrant bronzy-pink flowers with recurved sepals in March; males greenish-yellow in the throat. For a wall fence or tree, where the sausage shaped, fleshy, purplish, edible fruit can form if pollinated by another clone.

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Lonicera sp. KR 10608 (new)

One of Keith Rushforth's finds in Arunachal Pradesh at approx 2000m alt.. Unflowered as yet, but this evergreen climber has very handsome deep purple new foliage, of ovate form, with a matt finish, turning green later in the season. Looks to be a fairly vigorous thing.

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Millettia japonica 'Hime Fuji' (new)

A low climber or compact shrub for a warm wall with creamy-white wisteria-like flowers in late summer, though rare to flower apparently. The foliage is also rather wisteria-like but smaller and more compact which makes it, together with the scarcity of flowers, apparently highly desirable to the Bonsai nut. Very rarely seen in the UK.

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Muehlenbeckia complexa 'Texture Big Leaf' (new)

A larger leaved form of this fascinating twining climber forming the usual amazing tangled masses of rounded evergreen leaves on wiry stems up to 6m high. Usually only seen in mild areas, this can be grown successfully in a sheltered position over a wide area of the UK. A mulch over the root stock ensures survival in an exceptionally bad winter.

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Rosa cymosa 'Rebecca Rushforth' (new)

A selection of this Chinese climbing rose with flattened domes of small creamy white flowers with conspicuous yellow stamen in May/June followed by clusters of small red hips. Foliage is composed of narrow pointed, elegant leaflets and new growth is especially red tinted. For a sunny wall, not too cold.

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Stauntonia purpurea (new)

A strong growing evergreen climber from the mountains of Taiwan, with foliage composed of up to 5 leaflets and clusters of richly coloured, deep-purple flowers, shaped like pixie's caps, borne in late spring. Elongated, purple, deliciously edible fruit follow in autumn. The foliage and flowers of this species are daintier than some other species. For a sheltered site.

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Tropaeolum smithii (new)

A richly coloured form of this variable species native of humid parts of S America, with vermilion coloured flowers produced in late summer and autumn. Petals are deeply incised with jagged teeth. Foliage is deeply lobed. Though often grown as an annual this will form tubers if happy.

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Wisteria brachybotrys 'Okayama' (new)

A Japanese selection with deep mauve buds that open soft pinkish-mauve and are particularly strongly fragrant. A vigorous climber bearing short-ish racemes of large individual flowers; the largest in the genus. Foliage and shoots conspicuously silky hairy, especially when young. Best in a sunny position in well drained soil, and trained to form a strong framework of flowering spurs.

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Wisteria floribunda 'Geisha' (new)

A particularly attractive white and blue bicoloured selection of the Japanese wisteria with typical long racemes. Best hard pruned to achieve a good branch framework. Best in a sunny site in most ordinary soils. Grafted plant = early flowering.

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Bamboo

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Exotics

Begonia fusca (new)

Originally collected in Chiapas, S. Mexico, this is a very large leaved species of monumental proportions, with leaves up to 1m across on petioles of the same length! Without warmth and tropical humidity they are a little smaller. Large panicles of pale pink flowers, then pink seed capsules. Splendid in a pot stood in shade in summer; brought inside in winter.

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Cautleya gracilis from Manipur (new)

This small ginger relative, with red and yellow flower spikes in late summer, was found in Manipur on Shirui Peak at 2500m alt. A more delicate looking species than C. spicata, reaching about 60cm. Rich soil, sun/semi-shade

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Cautleya gracilis var. robusta 'Tenzing's Gold' (new)

A fine form of this hardy ginger relative with more flowers per stem, usually between 15 and 20. Rich yellow flowers from red tinted bracts in late summer on stems to 50cm. The leaves have most attractive deep-red undersides. Enjoys a semi-shade position in good free draining soil that doesn't get too dry. Mulch over in winter if you live on Ben Nevis, but otherwise hardy if not waterlogged in winter.

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Cautleya spicata 'Crug Canary' (new)

A selection of this very exotic looking, but hardy ginger relative with striking flower spikes in August, borne atop clumps of luscious foliage to about 70cm. Richest orangey-yellow Roscoea like flowers emerge from deep blood-red bracts. Rich soil in semi-shade.

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Cautleya spicata lutea (new)

Not scientifically recognised as a variety as such, but horticulturally rather different to 'Robusta' having none of the red pigment in the bracts or pseudostems. Masses of luscious foliage on stems to about 70cm, topped by yellow Roscoea-like flowers emerging from green bracts in August. Quite different. Forms clumps in rich soil in semi-shade.

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Dracunculus canariensis (new)

Quite the opposite of the stinking D. vulgaris, this white flowered elegant beauty from the Canary Isles is generally smaller to about 1m tall. The slim white spathes with a pale yellow spadix inside are borne above the divided green foliage in spring to early summer. A winter growing species, dormant in summer, therefore needing cool glasshouse conditions. Rarely offered.

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Globba radicalis (new)

Dancing Ladies. An apparently fairly hardy ginger from NE India with a twice flowering habit. The first inflorescence arises before the foliage in early summer with the second flowering in late summer, then producing tuberlets. The inflorescences are bizarre and beautiful, not easily described here, composed of palest white-mauve flowers with yellow markings.

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Hedychium 'Khang Khui Tall Boy' (new)

Found in the wilds of Eastern Manipur at 1600m asl, at the epicentre of Hedychium diversity, this had pseudo-stems to 2.5m tall. Unseen in flower as yet.

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Hedychium coccineum 'Hungphung Stripe' (new)

From Manipur, NE India, this new form has striking leaves up to 60cm long with a pale white green stripe along the midrib, held in a particularly distichous 'ladder fashion'; at right angles up the pseudostems. Makes plants to about 2m high. So new it has yet to flower here.

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Hedychium ellipticum PAB 7361 (new)

A splendid, highly attractive and distinct species with a great boss of cream flowers with long extending orange stamen, radiating fully around the inflorescence, borne in late summer on leafy stems to 1.2m. Foliage is broad; the bases of which mark the stems with red. Possible outside in mild areas, but an excellent pot plant. Rich soil in sun or semi-shade.

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Hedychium villosum var. tenuiflorum (new)

A recent collection from the far north of its range in Arunachal Pradesh, NE India, this is one of the very finest of Ginger lilies, being short, highly floriferous, flowering fairly early in the ginger season and with deep green glossy foliage and dark-red tinted pseudostems. The flowers are a mix of white spidery petals that age primrose yellow and deep-red long extended stamen, all from red tinted bracts.

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Melianthus comosus (new)

One of the hardiest Melianthus species, being generally found in the drier inland areas of South Africa, though perfectly amenable to cultivation in the UK, if not too desperately cold. The grey pinnate heavily serrated foliage is smaller than that of M. major and hairy. Clusters of red flowers in summer, followed by inflated pods. Sun and well drained soil.

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Smallanthus sonchifolia 'Red China' (new)

Yakon. A big leafy Andean member of the Aster family, producing striking pairs of opposite, dark tinted foliage up the 2m stems. Large leaves are shaped roughly like an arrowhead, with striking veining and a winged petiole, adding an exotic element to any planting. Purple tubers are sweet and edible having an extremely low glycaemic index and are easy to juice. Lift like a Dahlia for winter.

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Tradescantia crassifolia F&M 258 (new)

A Mexican collection from Hidalgo State at 2800m alt. A low growing species with amazing fleshy foliage that is semi-translucent and reflects light in a most bizarre fashion. Purple pink, three petalled flowers in summer. A deciduous species from high altitude, so should possess some hardiness, though not tested here.

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Zingiber mioga 'Dancing Crane' (new)

Bold white markings on the leaves of this variegated form of the hardy Japanese edible ginger known as Mioga. This woodlander sends stems of luscious foliage to 60cm and in autumn small, orchid-like, pale yellow flowers are seen at ground level. For good humusy soil in semi-shade.

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Zingiber mioga 'White Feather' (new)

Subtle white feathering on the leaves of this variegated form of the hardy Japanese edible ginger known as Mioga. This woodlander sends stems of luscious foliage to 60cm and in autumn small, orchid-like, pale yellow flowers are seen at ground level. For good humusy soil in semi-shade.

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